易哈佛 \ 大学英语 \ 2017年贵州大学英语考试真题卷(9)

2017年贵州大学英语考试真题卷(9)

2017年贵州大学英语考试真题卷(9)

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.Inward
B.Outer
C.Inner
D.Other

2.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.migration
B.immigration
C.emigration
D.transportation

3.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.ruthless
B.annoyed
C.restless
D.anxious

4.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.And
B.So
C.Then
D.But

5.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.what
B.which
C.why
D.how many

6.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.motion
B.rhythm
C.step
D.timing

7.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.why
B.how
C.when
D.where

8.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.may
B.can
C.must
D.might

9.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.He
B.They
C.It
D.This

10.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.adapt
B.adjust
C.adopt
D.accept

11.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.acknowledgement
B.understanding
C.information
D.knowledge

12.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.decrease
B.diminish
C.decline
D.reduce

13.Every living thing has what scientists call a biological clock that controls behavior. It tells plants when to (62) flowers and insects when to leave protective cocoon (茧)and fly away. And it tells animals and human beings when to (63) , sleep and seek food. It controls our body temperatures, the (64) of some hormones and even dreams. Events (65) the plant and animal affect its actions. Scientists recently found that a tiny animal called Siberian hamster changes the color of its (66) because of the number of hours of (67) In shorter days of winter its fur becomes white. The fur becomes gray-brown in longer (68) of daylight in summer. (69) signals control other biological clocks. German scientists found that some internal one seems to order birds to begin their (70) flights two times each year. Birds prevented from flying become (71) when it is time for the trip. (72) they become calm again when the time of the flight has ended. A mix of outside and internal events controls some biological clocks; such things as heartbeat and the daily change from sleep to walking take place because of both external and internal signals. Scientists are beginning to learn (73) parts of the brain contain the biological clocks. A researcher at Harvard University, Dr. Martin Moore Ede, said a small group of cells near the front of the brain seemed to control the (74) of some of our actions. Probably there are other cells to control other body activities. He is studying (75) they affect the way we do our work. Most of us have great difficulty if we (76) often change to different work hours. (77) can take many days for a human body to (78) a major change in work hours. Industrial officials should have a better (79) of biological clocks and how they affect workers. He said such an understanding could (80) sickness and accidents at work, and would help increase (81) .

A.product
B.production
C.productivity
D.producer

17.{{I}} Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.{{/I}} What should one do when one intends to learn how to communicate with others

A.One can assess how appropriate the courses you’re considering buying.
B.One can focus on studying the oral and written language.
C.One can concentrate one’s efforts on the spoken language.
D.One can read information on the Internet or in books, magazines or newspapers.

18.{{I}} Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.{{/I}} Teachers and parents are advised to review the book because ______.

A.the book is about dangerous arts
B.the book contains something controversial
C.the book is about perennially divisive topics
D.the book attracts acclaim and condemnation

19.{{I}} Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.{{/I}} According to Iraqis, the Al Samoud is ______.

A.a solid-fuel propellant ballistic missile
B.a test of Baghdad’s commitment to disarm
C.a weapon poised for a possible invasion
D.a potentially valuable defensive weapon

22.{{I}} Questions 7 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation.{{/I}} At the very beginning of the conversation, what do the two speakers do

A.They drink to their old times and acquaintance.
B.They talk about their old crowds and old gangs.
C.They talk about their old times and acquaintance.
D.They meet and talk with each other’s old friends.

23.Paul McCartney planned to tour Britain with his series of concerts for______.

A.one year
B.three years
C.six years
D.ten years

26.{{I}} Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.{{/I}} According to the author, all of the following are important to written communication EXCEPT ______.

A.hints about how to improve one’s communication skills in English
B.the combined studies of both spoken and written language
C.gaining all the necessary skills at reading
D.syntax and grammar necessary for good writing

27.{{I}} Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.{{/I}} Inspectors from the U.N. Monitoring and Observation Commission have conducted ______.

A.seven private interviews with Iraqi scientists
B.three private interviews with Iraqi scientists
C.four private interviews with Iraqi scientists
D.five private interviews with Iraqi scientists

31.{{I}} Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.{{/I}} The book is written for the purpose of ______.

A.offering advice not only for teachers, parents but also for children
B.introducing historically different artworks to whoever is interested
C.featuring the controversial artistic designs, art works and artists
D.providing the historical context in which arts and controversy arose

35.{{I}} Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.{{/I}} Which of the following statements is NOT true, according to the passage

A.Learning to acquire the communication skills takes thousands of hours.
B.Learning to use the language proficiently takes thousands of hours.
C.To communicate reasonably well is enough to communicate face to face.
D.To communicate reasonably well is to find detailed suggestions in English.

37.{{I}} Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.{{/I}} Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage

A.The book is comprehensive because it includes various arts.
B.The book is controversial because it contains arts that offend.
C.The book cannot be readily accessible through multimedia.
D.The book may be objectionable to some children or parents.

38.{{I}} Questions 7 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation.{{/I}} Which of the following statements is true, according to the conversation

A.Paris is not beautiful but the life of Paris is.
B.Both of the two speakers are not from Ireland.
C.Hugh is said to have not changed an atom at all.
D.Ingrid has been adviced to go to Paris to enjoy life.

39.{{I}} Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.{{/I}} North Korea threatened on Tuesday to abandon the armistice because they______.

A.intended to have direct negotiations with the U. S.
B.prepared for the American preemptive attack
C.wanted to take a decisive step for many years
D.thought it possible the armistice would bind them

40.{{I}} Questions 29 and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.{{/I}} What has the police done on Saturday

A.Something that is surprising to all.
B.A big change in the reported time.
C.The sunning deadly explosions.
D.The issue of London Bombings.

41.{{I}} Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.{{/I}} According to the passage, what is the relation between communicating on the one side and reading and writing on the other

A.Reading is important and necessary to good writing.
B.Communication skills are a prerequisite for writing.
C.Communication skills help normal speech.
D.Communication skills help reading and writing.

42.{{I}} Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.{{/I}} It can be inferred from the news that______.

A.North Korea was training their armed forces in winter
B.South Korea was training their armed forces in winter
C.Both Koreas were training their armed forces in winter
D.Neither Korea was training their armed forces in winter

43.{{I}} Questions 29 and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.{{/I}} Which of the following is NOT true, according to the news

A.There were many known dead but they were unidentified.
B.Many people were dead unknown and unable to be identified.
C.The exact number of people dead in the blasts were unknown.
D.Many were frantic, begging and crying for their missing relatives.

44.It is widely believed that religious traditions, such as Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism and Christianity, had great effects on the entirety of Korean culture and society. Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism were amalgamated into Korean culture and became, in the main, axes of Korean traditional religious thought, in addition to Korean folk beliefs and shamanism. From an educational point of view, Buddhism and Confucianism had a significant impact on formal and informal elite education in the early Korean states and still remains important. Taoism, on the other hand, has affected internal and external life as opposed to Korean education. Christianity, a newly grafted religion, has also exerted an important influence upon the development of modern higher education. Therefore, the parameters of the study are Buddhism, Confucianism and Christianity. Throughout the history of Korean education, religion and education are inseparable. The examination of the role of religion in Korean higher education gives Western educators historically valuable ideas about religious components in Korean higher education. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the role of religion in Korean elite and higher education during the premodern and modern periods. In this study, "premodern era" is defined as the fourth century to the late nineteenth century, and "modern period" from 1880 to 1910. Numerous studies have shown that religious thought has affected the spiritual and practical worlds in premodern and contemporary Korea. However, several studies examining the influence of religions and philosophical thought on Korean education indicate that three religious traditions -- Buddhism, Confucianism and Christianity -- had an enormous impact on premodern and modern education in Korea. In terms of Korean educational history and philosophy, there are few studies that examine the religious and philosophical ideas that historically affect Korean higher education. Kim briefly analyzes the basic philosophy and organization of Korean higher education, and Lee reviews religious and philosophical factors influencing the development of Korean higher education in terms of educational administrative theory and practice. Studies concerning the role of religion in premodern elite and modern higher education have yet to be conducted. For this reason, this study will focus on the contribution of Buddhism and Confucianism to premodern elite education in Korea, particularly the interaction between Confucianism and Christianity with modern higher education in Korea and on the role of religion in current Korean higher education. ______ has been believed NOT to have much influence on the Korean higher education.

A.Buddhism
B.Confucianism
C.Taoism
D.Christianity

45.


{{B}} Divorce{{/B}}
In arbitration, the divorce case is presented to a neutral party called an arbitrator who, like a judge, has the power to decide what should happen in the case. Arbitrators may be matrimonial lawyers or former judges, but in any case they should be familiar with the law. The arbitrator has power to compel decisions over the objection of one or both parties. The decisions may be either binding or nonbinding. If binding, parties are usually bound by the decision until you can prove the arbitrator was biased, made a gross error of law or exceeded the arbitrator’s authority. A nonbinding decision may be appealed, but if the end result is the same as the first decision or more favorable to the other spouse, the spouse who appealed may be ordered to pay the other’s costs.
Many states now require you and your spouse to participate in mediation, arbitration or some other form of alternative dispute resolution before a judge will hear the divorce case. Usually you will have to pay for the services, but in some states the court will provide mediators at no cost. In any case, resolving your conflicts without going to court will cost you less money and be easier on your emotions. Here are some tips to consider when evaluating mediation and arbitration options:
A mediator helps you and your spouse to reach an agreement but has no power to enforce it.
An arbitrator acts like a hired judge but may or may not be a lawyer.
An arbitrator may also enforce an agreement.
If the court requires mediation, opposing it may anger the judge and prejudice your case.
Mediated agreements may be harder to alter than court decisions.
Whether you use mediation or arbitration, go into it prepared.

An arbitrator could be anyone of the following EXCEPT______.

A.a sitting judge
B.a retired judge
C.a matrimonial lawyer
D.a former judge

46.It is widely believed that religious traditions, such as Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism and Christianity, had great effects on the entirety of Korean culture and society. Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism were amalgamated into Korean culture and became, in the main, axes of Korean traditional religious thought, in addition to Korean folk beliefs and shamanism. From an educational point of view, Buddhism and Confucianism had a significant impact on formal and informal elite education in the early Korean states and still remains important. Taoism, on the other hand, has affected internal and external life as opposed to Korean education. Christianity, a newly grafted religion, has also exerted an important influence upon the development of modern higher education. Therefore, the parameters of the study are Buddhism, Confucianism and Christianity. Throughout the history of Korean education, religion and education are inseparable. The examination of the role of religion in Korean higher education gives Western educators historically valuable ideas about religious components in Korean higher education. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the role of religion in Korean elite and higher education during the premodern and modern periods. In this study, "premodern era" is defined as the fourth century to the late nineteenth century, and "modern period" from 1880 to 1910. Numerous studies have shown that religious thought has affected the spiritual and practical worlds in premodern and contemporary Korea. However, several studies examining the influence of religions and philosophical thought on Korean education indicate that three religious traditions -- Buddhism, Confucianism and Christianity -- had an enormous impact on premodern and modern education in Korea. In terms of Korean educational history and philosophy, there are few studies that examine the religious and philosophical ideas that historically affect Korean higher education. Kim briefly analyzes the basic philosophy and organization of Korean higher education, and Lee reviews religious and philosophical factors influencing the development of Korean higher education in terms of educational administrative theory and practice. Studies concerning the role of religion in premodern elite and modern higher education have yet to be conducted. For this reason, this study will focus on the contribution of Buddhism and Confucianism to premodern elite education in Korea, particularly the interaction between Confucianism and Christianity with modern higher education in Korea and on the role of religion in current Korean higher education. Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage

A.Buddhism has influenced the Korean higher education for over one thousand years.
B.Confucianism is still playing an important role in the higher education in Korea.
C.Taoism, amalgamated into Korean culture, is an axe of its traditional religious thought.
D.Christianity is widely believed to have affected internal and external life.

47.


{{B}} Divorce{{/B}}
In arbitration, the divorce case is presented to a neutral party called an arbitrator who, like a judge, has the power to decide what should happen in the case. Arbitrators may be matrimonial lawyers or former judges, but in any case they should be familiar with the law. The arbitrator has power to compel decisions over the objection of one or both parties. The decisions may be either binding or nonbinding. If binding, parties are usually bound by the decision until you can prove the arbitrator was biased, made a gross error of law or exceeded the arbitrator’s authority. A nonbinding decision may be appealed, but if the end result is the same as the first decision or more favorable to the other spouse, the spouse who appealed may be ordered to pay the other’s costs.
Many states now require you and your spouse to participate in mediation, arbitration or some other form of alternative dispute resolution before a judge will hear the divorce case. Usually you will have to pay for the services, but in some states the court will provide mediators at no cost. In any case, resolving your conflicts without going to court will cost you less money and be easier on your emotions. Here are some tips to consider when evaluating mediation and arbitration options:
A mediator helps you and your spouse to reach an agreement but has no power to enforce it.
An arbitrator acts like a hired judge but may or may not be a lawyer.
An arbitrator may also enforce an agreement.
If the court requires mediation, opposing it may anger the judge and prejudice your case.
Mediated agreements may be harder to alter than court decisions.
Whether you use mediation or arbitration, go into it prepared.

In any divorce case, both parties may NOT follow the binding decision if______.

A.the arbitrator was biased
B.the arbitrator asked them to pay for costs
C.the arbitrator made a gross error of law
D.the arbitrator exceeded his authority

48.The Internet is already the greatest equalizer of all time and can only become more so. While it may never match the ease of learning face-to-face it is now an excellent resource which is improving by leaps and bounds every day. The more you use it, the more you’ll appreciate just what a powerful resource it is. Love it or hate it, our lives will be increasingly affected by it as international boundaries dissolve in the face of this high-tech equalizer. The Internet is a fantastic resource for language learning. It will soon be even better. Make the most of it now and use it more in the future. Right now you have a resource which is text. The Net allows you to read about any subject which interests you in whatever language you’re learning. It’s great for: Reading about how to learn -- using resources to find out good ways to learn a language quickly. Sourcing reading material -- since you have a Net connection on your desk it costs nothing more to get an endless supply of written information about any subject which interests you, With over forty million URLs on the World Wide Web already and many more appearing every day, and with thousands of newsgroups you no longer need rely on your local bookshop to get over-priced books, newspapers or magazines to read. Finding pen pals -- email makes it easy and fast to correspond with short letters on a daily basis. And it’s free, so very frequent correspondence is finally practical and affordable, while finding someone to correspond with has finally become quite easy. In the future we expect: Voice communication will become more accessible as standard protocols emerge for person to person "telephone" calls. Right now both people need to have the same telephone software and a fast link to the Net if they want to talk to each other, so person to person discussion is a little difficult to organize. Emerging standards will soon solve this problem. Video tele-conferencing is a reality now, but will become much easier and of better quality as high- speed ISDN and cable links become cheaper and more commonly available. Desktop cameras and microphones become cheaper and more likely to be available for widespread personal use. The writer of the passage is talking about the Internet mainly on the basis of______.

A.personal use
B.corporate use
C.business use
D.technical use

49.However, many advantages the industrial society brings us also have a down side. One of the adverse effects of industrialization is acid deposition due to power plants, fossil fuels and automobile emissions. Acid rain is the popular term but the scientists prefer the term acid deposition. Acid rain can have adverse effects on the environment by damaging forests and lakes, making it too difficult for many plants and animals to live. Charles Angus Smith, an Englishman, was the first to suggest, in 1852, that sulfuric acid in Manchester, England, was causing metal to rust and dyed goods to fade. One source that causes acid rain is fossil fuel. This energy source contributes 23.1 million tons of sulfur dioxide and 20.5 million tons of nitrogen oxides to our atmosphere worldwide. When fossil fuels are ignited, such as oil and coal, they release carbon dioxide, a so-called greenhouse gas that traps heat within the earth’s atmosphere, which causes global warming. Also, they release sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and metals such as mercury, aluminum into the atmosphere, which later can be carried a long distance from their source and be deposited as acid rain. Forests are a complex ecosystem that involves trees, soil, water, the air, climate and other living organisms that support the community of wildlife: animals, birds, insects and plants. The countries most affected by acid rain are in Europe. Central Europe faces a much greater threat since it has a large amount of forest area and about 8% of German’s forest face the lethal effect of acid rain. Acid rain kills about 50 million hectares of forest. Acid rain does not kill trees outright but weakens them to the point where they become susceptible to extremes of heat or cold, attacks from blight-causing or from inserts, and other environmental stresses. When acid rain falls into lakes and rivers, it destroys all living things and populations of fish, aquatic plant life and microorganisms decline. Fish just goes extinct because they simply fail to reproduce and become less and less abundant, until they die out. The result of acid rain is not only the destruction of forests and lakes, but also the corrosion of buildings and monuments. Almost every building of a major urban or industrial centre may be at risk from the corrosive effects of acid deposition and the rate of corrosion has increased dramatically in many urban areas. The Athenian monuments have got worst in the past 20~25 years as a result of pollution. Acid attack can also lead to stone decay through the creation of salt, which can crystallize and force apart mineral grains, causing the stone to disintegrate. As our society gets more advanced, there is also the rising effect of pollution. To stop the effect we need to find alternative ways to remove or replace fossil fuel that is responsible for acid rain. The government needs to put stricter laws on the industries that pollute. People should find an efficient and alternative way to stop the pollution, because the effects of acid rain can be seen all round us, starling with forests and lakes, and in the heart of a city where the buildings and monuments are being eaten away by pollution. According to the passage, acid rain is ______.

A.a source of pollution
B.an effect of industrialization
C.an advantage of industrial society
D.a deposition of fossil fuels

50.It is widely believed that religious traditions, such as Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism and Christianity, had great effects on the entirety of Korean culture and society. Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism were amalgamated into Korean culture and became, in the main, axes of Korean traditional religious thought, in addition to Korean folk beliefs and shamanism. From an educational point of view, Buddhism and Confucianism had a significant impact on formal and informal elite education in the early Korean states and still remains important. Taoism, on the other hand, has affected internal and external life as opposed to Korean education. Christianity, a newly grafted religion, has also exerted an important influence upon the development of modern higher education. Therefore, the parameters of the study are Buddhism, Confucianism and Christianity. Throughout the history of Korean education, religion and education are inseparable. The examination of the role of religion in Korean higher education gives Western educators historically valuable ideas about religious components in Korean higher education. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the role of religion in Korean elite and higher education during the premodern and modern periods. In this study, "premodern era" is defined as the fourth century to the late nineteenth century, and "modern period" from 1880 to 1910. Numerous studies have shown that religious thought has affected the spiritual and practical worlds in premodern and contemporary Korea. However, several studies examining the influence of religions and philosophical thought on Korean education indicate that three religious traditions -- Buddhism, Confucianism and Christianity -- had an enormous impact on premodern and modern education in Korea. In terms of Korean educational history and philosophy, there are few studies that examine the religious and philosophical ideas that historically affect Korean higher education. Kim briefly analyzes the basic philosophy and organization of Korean higher education, and Lee reviews religious and philosophical factors influencing the development of Korean higher education in terms of educational administrative theory and practice. Studies concerning the role of religion in premodern elite and modern higher education have yet to be conducted. For this reason, this study will focus on the contribution of Buddhism and Confucianism to premodern elite education in Korea, particularly the interaction between Confucianism and Christianity with modern higher education in Korea and on the role of religion in current Korean higher education. Christianity ______.

A.is believed to be a newly grafted religion
B.has influenced the higher education only recently
C.has been opposed to the practice of Confucianism
D.is not compatible with Korean folk beliefs and shamanism

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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