易哈佛 \ 大学英语 \ 2019年广东大学英语考试模拟卷

2019年广东大学英语考试模拟卷

2019年广东大学英语考试模拟卷

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.Passage TwoQuestions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A.Rape.
B.Burglary.
C.Aggravated assault.
D.Smuggling.

3.Passage ThreeQuestions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A.The German team.
B.The British team.
C.The Brazilian Team.
D.The American team.

4.Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A.In a bar.
B.In a restaurant.
C.In a hotel.
D.In a grocer’ s.

5.Every Sunday morning millions of Indians settle down with a cup of tea and the special weekend issues of their newspapers, just as Americans do. But here, with the marriage season approaching, many of them turn quickly to a Sunday feature that is particularly Indian--the columns and columns of marriage advertisements in which young people look for husbands or wives. "Beautiful Brahman girl wanted for bank officer from well-connected family," one says. "Vegetarian man (doctor, engineer preferred) for church-educated girl with light complexion," says another. "Solid 25-year-old, salary four figures, wants tall, charming, educated Punjabi," says a third. This is a relatively modem change in the age-old custom of the arranged marriage. The thousands of advertisements published each week increasingly reflect social changes that are coming to this traditional society. For example, although women are still usually described in terms of appearance, or skills in "the wifely arts", information about their earning power is entering more and more of the advertisements. This reflects the arrival in India of the working wife. Divorce, which used to be almost unheard of in India, is sometimes now mentioned in the advertisements as in the case of a woman whose advertisement in a New Delhi newspaper explained that she had been "the innocent party" when her marriage broke up. Because the custom of the dowry (marriage payment) is now illegal, some advertisements say "no dowry", or "simple marriage," which means the same thing. However, the fathers of many bridegrooms still require it. As a sign of the slight loosening of the rigid caste (social class) system, a number of advertisements promise "caste not important", or "girl’s abilities will be main consideration". The majority of them, however, still require not only caste, such as Brahman or Kshatriya, but also a certain home region or ethnic origin. In a land where light skin is often regarded as socially preferable, many also require that a woman have a "wheat color" complexion or that a man be "tall, fair and handsome". Advertisements are placed and eagerly read by a wide range of people in the upper classes, mostly in cities. Many of them receive dozens of answers. "There’s nothing embarrassing about it," explained a Calcutta businessman advertising for a son-in-law. "It’s just another way of broadening the contacts and increasing the possibility of doing the best one can for one’s daughter." Because of high unemployment and a generally poor standard of living here, one of the best attractions a marriage advertisement can offer is a permit to live abroad, especially in Canada or the United States. A person who has one can get what he wants. One recent Sunday in Madras, for example, a Punjabi engineer living in San Francisco advertised for a "beautiful slim bride with lovely features knowing music and dance". And a man whose advertisement said that he had an American immigration permit was able to say, "Only girls from rich, well-educated families need apply.\ The main idea of Paragraph 3 is ______.

A.that India’s society is changing
B.women work
C.arranged marriages are an age old custom
D.working wife arrives

6.Corporations and individual donors will now be able to claim tax deductions (减除,扣除) for donations to any licensed non-profit public welfare organization. The new policy was announced by the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation on Friday. In the meantime, the draft of the country’s first law on charity is expected to be presented to the top legislature (立法机关,立法机构) for examination and approval later this year. At present only donations to about 20 major charity organizations are tax-deductible, according to a policy issued last year. But Ge Daosheng, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Sociology, doubted whether the policy could be faithfully carried out at all levels. "The procedures for donors to claim deductions in taxes are often extremely complicated in many places," Ge said. Experts have called for legislative transparency and less government involvement in charity activities. The Ministry of Civil Affairs, which has overall responsibility for the nation’s charity affairs, said on Wednesday it had finished drafting the Law of Charity and would submit it to the National People’s Congress for examination. The Beijing Times quoted Vice-Minister of Civil Affairs Li Liguo as saying the law would encourage any kind of charity or voluntary body to promote public welfare, and would strengthen supervision of charity organizations in their use of donations. "There has been a strong voice in recent years to promulgate (发布) a charity law to standardize charity practices and give people more freedom to participate in public welfare undertakings," said Yang Tuan, a researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. However, Yang said the controversial draft might take another two to three years before it becomes law. Yang, director of the academy’s Social Policy Research Center and an expert involved in the draft law, said a major point of controversy was the government’s role in charity activities. He said the government should play a less dominant role and give non-governmental charity organizations more scope to grow. "The law should make establishing charity or public welfare organizations as easy as registering businesses," Yang said. China’s first law on charity has now been finished drafting and will be submitted to China’s top legislature, ______ for approval.

A.the National People’s Congress
B.the Ministry of Finance
C.the State Administration of Taxation
D.Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

7.Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A.The man is handsome.
B.The man used to be unhealthy.
C.The lecture is not very clear
D.The man has become a better person.

8.Corporations and individual donors will now be able to claim tax deductions (减除,扣除) for donations to any licensed non-profit public welfare organization. The new policy was announced by the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation on Friday. In the meantime, the draft of the country’s first law on charity is expected to be presented to the top legislature (立法机关,立法机构) for examination and approval later this year. At present only donations to about 20 major charity organizations are tax-deductible, according to a policy issued last year. But Ge Daosheng, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Sociology, doubted whether the policy could be faithfully carried out at all levels. "The procedures for donors to claim deductions in taxes are often extremely complicated in many places," Ge said. Experts have called for legislative transparency and less government involvement in charity activities. The Ministry of Civil Affairs, which has overall responsibility for the nation’s charity affairs, said on Wednesday it had finished drafting the Law of Charity and would submit it to the National People’s Congress for examination. The Beijing Times quoted Vice-Minister of Civil Affairs Li Liguo as saying the law would encourage any kind of charity or voluntary body to promote public welfare, and would strengthen supervision of charity organizations in their use of donations. "There has been a strong voice in recent years to promulgate (发布) a charity law to standardize charity practices and give people more freedom to participate in public welfare undertakings," said Yang Tuan, a researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. However, Yang said the controversial draft might take another two to three years before it becomes law. Yang, director of the academy’s Social Policy Research Center and an expert involved in the draft law, said a major point of controversy was the government’s role in charity activities. He said the government should play a less dominant role and give non-governmental charity organizations more scope to grow. "The law should make establishing charity or public welfare organizations as easy as registering businesses," Yang said. What benefits will donors get from the new policy on charity

A.Compensation.
B.Official commendation.
C.Tax deductions.
D.Less procedures.

9.Every Sunday morning millions of Indians settle down with a cup of tea and the special weekend issues of their newspapers, just as Americans do. But here, with the marriage season approaching, many of them turn quickly to a Sunday feature that is particularly Indian--the columns and columns of marriage advertisements in which young people look for husbands or wives. "Beautiful Brahman girl wanted for bank officer from well-connected family," one says. "Vegetarian man (doctor, engineer preferred) for church-educated girl with light complexion," says another. "Solid 25-year-old, salary four figures, wants tall, charming, educated Punjabi," says a third. This is a relatively modem change in the age-old custom of the arranged marriage. The thousands of advertisements published each week increasingly reflect social changes that are coming to this traditional society. For example, although women are still usually described in terms of appearance, or skills in "the wifely arts", information about their earning power is entering more and more of the advertisements. This reflects the arrival in India of the working wife. Divorce, which used to be almost unheard of in India, is sometimes now mentioned in the advertisements as in the case of a woman whose advertisement in a New Delhi newspaper explained that she had been "the innocent party" when her marriage broke up. Because the custom of the dowry (marriage payment) is now illegal, some advertisements say "no dowry", or "simple marriage," which means the same thing. However, the fathers of many bridegrooms still require it. As a sign of the slight loosening of the rigid caste (social class) system, a number of advertisements promise "caste not important", or "girl’s abilities will be main consideration". The majority of them, however, still require not only caste, such as Brahman or Kshatriya, but also a certain home region or ethnic origin. In a land where light skin is often regarded as socially preferable, many also require that a woman have a "wheat color" complexion or that a man be "tall, fair and handsome". Advertisements are placed and eagerly read by a wide range of people in the upper classes, mostly in cities. Many of them receive dozens of answers. "There’s nothing embarrassing about it," explained a Calcutta businessman advertising for a son-in-law. "It’s just another way of broadening the contacts and increasing the possibility of doing the best one can for one’s daughter." Because of high unemployment and a generally poor standard of living here, one of the best attractions a marriage advertisement can offer is a permit to live abroad, especially in Canada or the United States. A person who has one can get what he wants. One recent Sunday in Madras, for example, a Punjabi engineer living in San Francisco advertised for a "beautiful slim bride with lovely features knowing music and dance". And a man whose advertisement said that he had an American immigration permit was able to say, "Only girls from rich, well-educated families need apply.\ Although he does not directly say it, the Calcutta businessman would probably agree that ______.

A.it is a good idea to place marriage advertisements in the newspaper
B.it is a bad idea to place marriage advertisements in the newspaper
C.it is embarrassing if anyone answers such advertisements
D.it is embarrassing if no one answers such advertisements

10.Corporations and individual donors will now be able to claim tax deductions (减除,扣除) for donations to any licensed non-profit public welfare organization. The new policy was announced by the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation on Friday. In the meantime, the draft of the country’s first law on charity is expected to be presented to the top legislature (立法机关,立法机构) for examination and approval later this year. At present only donations to about 20 major charity organizations are tax-deductible, according to a policy issued last year. But Ge Daosheng, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Sociology, doubted whether the policy could be faithfully carried out at all levels. "The procedures for donors to claim deductions in taxes are often extremely complicated in many places," Ge said. Experts have called for legislative transparency and less government involvement in charity activities. The Ministry of Civil Affairs, which has overall responsibility for the nation’s charity affairs, said on Wednesday it had finished drafting the Law of Charity and would submit it to the National People’s Congress for examination. The Beijing Times quoted Vice-Minister of Civil Affairs Li Liguo as saying the law would encourage any kind of charity or voluntary body to promote public welfare, and would strengthen supervision of charity organizations in their use of donations. "There has been a strong voice in recent years to promulgate (发布) a charity law to standardize charity practices and give people more freedom to participate in public welfare undertakings," said Yang Tuan, a researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. However, Yang said the controversial draft might take another two to three years before it becomes law. Yang, director of the academy’s Social Policy Research Center and an expert involved in the draft law, said a major point of controversy was the government’s role in charity activities. He said the government should play a less dominant role and give non-governmental charity organizations more scope to grow. "The law should make establishing charity or public welfare organizations as easy as registering businesses," Yang said. The controversy over the first draft of the Law of Charity centers on ______.

A.legislative transparency
B.the government’s dominant role in charity activities
C.the supervision of charity organizations
D.the Ministry of Civil Affairs’ responsibility

11.Every Sunday morning millions of Indians settle down with a cup of tea and the special weekend issues of their newspapers, just as Americans do. But here, with the marriage season approaching, many of them turn quickly to a Sunday feature that is particularly Indian--the columns and columns of marriage advertisements in which young people look for husbands or wives. "Beautiful Brahman girl wanted for bank officer from well-connected family," one says. "Vegetarian man (doctor, engineer preferred) for church-educated girl with light complexion," says another. "Solid 25-year-old, salary four figures, wants tall, charming, educated Punjabi," says a third. This is a relatively modem change in the age-old custom of the arranged marriage. The thousands of advertisements published each week increasingly reflect social changes that are coming to this traditional society. For example, although women are still usually described in terms of appearance, or skills in "the wifely arts", information about their earning power is entering more and more of the advertisements. This reflects the arrival in India of the working wife. Divorce, which used to be almost unheard of in India, is sometimes now mentioned in the advertisements as in the case of a woman whose advertisement in a New Delhi newspaper explained that she had been "the innocent party" when her marriage broke up. Because the custom of the dowry (marriage payment) is now illegal, some advertisements say "no dowry", or "simple marriage," which means the same thing. However, the fathers of many bridegrooms still require it. As a sign of the slight loosening of the rigid caste (social class) system, a number of advertisements promise "caste not important", or "girl’s abilities will be main consideration". The majority of them, however, still require not only caste, such as Brahman or Kshatriya, but also a certain home region or ethnic origin. In a land where light skin is often regarded as socially preferable, many also require that a woman have a "wheat color" complexion or that a man be "tall, fair and handsome". Advertisements are placed and eagerly read by a wide range of people in the upper classes, mostly in cities. Many of them receive dozens of answers. "There’s nothing embarrassing about it," explained a Calcutta businessman advertising for a son-in-law. "It’s just another way of broadening the contacts and increasing the possibility of doing the best one can for one’s daughter." Because of high unemployment and a generally poor standard of living here, one of the best attractions a marriage advertisement can offer is a permit to live abroad, especially in Canada or the United States. A person who has one can get what he wants. One recent Sunday in Madras, for example, a Punjabi engineer living in San Francisco advertised for a "beautiful slim bride with lovely features knowing music and dance". And a man whose advertisement said that he had an American immigration permit was able to say, "Only girls from rich, well-educated families need apply.\ In the sentence "A person who has one can get what he wants", the word "one" refers to ______.

A.feature
B.marriage advertisement
C.permit to live abroad
D.Canada or the United States

12.Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A.Buy something to eat on the train.
B.Take the five o’ clock train
C.Wait to catch a later train.
D.Take the train to the airport,

13.Corporations and individual donors will now be able to claim tax deductions (减除,扣除) for donations to any licensed non-profit public welfare organization. The new policy was announced by the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation on Friday. In the meantime, the draft of the country’s first law on charity is expected to be presented to the top legislature (立法机关,立法机构) for examination and approval later this year. At present only donations to about 20 major charity organizations are tax-deductible, according to a policy issued last year. But Ge Daosheng, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Sociology, doubted whether the policy could be faithfully carried out at all levels. "The procedures for donors to claim deductions in taxes are often extremely complicated in many places," Ge said. Experts have called for legislative transparency and less government involvement in charity activities. The Ministry of Civil Affairs, which has overall responsibility for the nation’s charity affairs, said on Wednesday it had finished drafting the Law of Charity and would submit it to the National People’s Congress for examination. The Beijing Times quoted Vice-Minister of Civil Affairs Li Liguo as saying the law would encourage any kind of charity or voluntary body to promote public welfare, and would strengthen supervision of charity organizations in their use of donations. "There has been a strong voice in recent years to promulgate (发布) a charity law to standardize charity practices and give people more freedom to participate in public welfare undertakings," said Yang Tuan, a researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. However, Yang said the controversial draft might take another two to three years before it becomes law. Yang, director of the academy’s Social Policy Research Center and an expert involved in the draft law, said a major point of controversy was the government’s role in charity activities. He said the government should play a less dominant role and give non-governmental charity organizations more scope to grow. "The law should make establishing charity or public welfare organizations as easy as registering businesses," Yang said. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage

A.Donors who want to claim deductions ’in taxes don’t have to go through complex procedures from now on.
B.The Law of Charity will be promulgated this year.
C.China’s charity development sill has a long way to go.
D.It is as easy establishing charity or public welfare organizations as registering businesses now.

14.Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A.She feels nervous about the test.
B.She worries about her competence.
C.She thinks she is well prepared.
D.She doesn’t like the training behind the wheel.

15.Every Sunday morning millions of Indians settle down with a cup of tea and the special weekend issues of their newspapers, just as Americans do. But here, with the marriage season approaching, many of them turn quickly to a Sunday feature that is particularly Indian--the columns and columns of marriage advertisements in which young people look for husbands or wives. "Beautiful Brahman girl wanted for bank officer from well-connected family," one says. "Vegetarian man (doctor, engineer preferred) for church-educated girl with light complexion," says another. "Solid 25-year-old, salary four figures, wants tall, charming, educated Punjabi," says a third. This is a relatively modem change in the age-old custom of the arranged marriage. The thousands of advertisements published each week increasingly reflect social changes that are coming to this traditional society. For example, although women are still usually described in terms of appearance, or skills in "the wifely arts", information about their earning power is entering more and more of the advertisements. This reflects the arrival in India of the working wife. Divorce, which used to be almost unheard of in India, is sometimes now mentioned in the advertisements as in the case of a woman whose advertisement in a New Delhi newspaper explained that she had been "the innocent party" when her marriage broke up. Because the custom of the dowry (marriage payment) is now illegal, some advertisements say "no dowry", or "simple marriage," which means the same thing. However, the fathers of many bridegrooms still require it. As a sign of the slight loosening of the rigid caste (social class) system, a number of advertisements promise "caste not important", or "girl’s abilities will be main consideration". The majority of them, however, still require not only caste, such as Brahman or Kshatriya, but also a certain home region or ethnic origin. In a land where light skin is often regarded as socially preferable, many also require that a woman have a "wheat color" complexion or that a man be "tall, fair and handsome". Advertisements are placed and eagerly read by a wide range of people in the upper classes, mostly in cities. Many of them receive dozens of answers. "There’s nothing embarrassing about it," explained a Calcutta businessman advertising for a son-in-law. "It’s just another way of broadening the contacts and increasing the possibility of doing the best one can for one’s daughter." Because of high unemployment and a generally poor standard of living here, one of the best attractions a marriage advertisement can offer is a permit to live abroad, especially in Canada or the United States. A person who has one can get what he wants. One recent Sunday in Madras, for example, a Punjabi engineer living in San Francisco advertised for a "beautiful slim bride with lovely features knowing music and dance". And a man whose advertisement said that he had an American immigration permit was able to say, "Only girls from rich, well-educated families need apply.\ Paragraph 10 gives examples of ______.

A.advertisements from two women looking for husbands
B.typical marriage advertisements from the Madras newspapers
C.the qualities that a person with an immigration permit can ask for and expect to get
D.the change of traditional marriage custom

16.Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A.Take a break.
B.Go to work.
C.Do the other problems.
D.Keep trying.

17.Corporations and individual donors will now be able to claim tax deductions (减除,扣除) for donations to any licensed non-profit public welfare organization. The new policy was announced by the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation on Friday. In the meantime, the draft of the country’s first law on charity is expected to be presented to the top legislature (立法机关,立法机构) for examination and approval later this year. At present only donations to about 20 major charity organizations are tax-deductible, according to a policy issued last year. But Ge Daosheng, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Sociology, doubted whether the policy could be faithfully carried out at all levels. "The procedures for donors to claim deductions in taxes are often extremely complicated in many places," Ge said. Experts have called for legislative transparency and less government involvement in charity activities. The Ministry of Civil Affairs, which has overall responsibility for the nation’s charity affairs, said on Wednesday it had finished drafting the Law of Charity and would submit it to the National People’s Congress for examination. The Beijing Times quoted Vice-Minister of Civil Affairs Li Liguo as saying the law would encourage any kind of charity or voluntary body to promote public welfare, and would strengthen supervision of charity organizations in their use of donations. "There has been a strong voice in recent years to promulgate (发布) a charity law to standardize charity practices and give people more freedom to participate in public welfare undertakings," said Yang Tuan, a researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. However, Yang said the controversial draft might take another two to three years before it becomes law. Yang, director of the academy’s Social Policy Research Center and an expert involved in the draft law, said a major point of controversy was the government’s role in charity activities. He said the government should play a less dominant role and give non-governmental charity organizations more scope to grow. "The law should make establishing charity or public welfare organizations as easy as registering businesses," Yang said. ______ play (s) an important role in accelerating the drafting of the Law of Charity.

A.Public voice
B.Non-profit welfare organizations
C.Corporations
D.Charity organizations

18.Every Sunday morning millions of Indians settle down with a cup of tea and the special weekend issues of their newspapers, just as Americans do. But here, with the marriage season approaching, many of them turn quickly to a Sunday feature that is particularly Indian--the columns and columns of marriage advertisements in which young people look for husbands or wives. "Beautiful Brahman girl wanted for bank officer from well-connected family," one says. "Vegetarian man (doctor, engineer preferred) for church-educated girl with light complexion," says another. "Solid 25-year-old, salary four figures, wants tall, charming, educated Punjabi," says a third. This is a relatively modem change in the age-old custom of the arranged marriage. The thousands of advertisements published each week increasingly reflect social changes that are coming to this traditional society. For example, although women are still usually described in terms of appearance, or skills in "the wifely arts", information about their earning power is entering more and more of the advertisements. This reflects the arrival in India of the working wife. Divorce, which used to be almost unheard of in India, is sometimes now mentioned in the advertisements as in the case of a woman whose advertisement in a New Delhi newspaper explained that she had been "the innocent party" when her marriage broke up. Because the custom of the dowry (marriage payment) is now illegal, some advertisements say "no dowry", or "simple marriage," which means the same thing. However, the fathers of many bridegrooms still require it. As a sign of the slight loosening of the rigid caste (social class) system, a number of advertisements promise "caste not important", or "girl’s abilities will be main consideration". The majority of them, however, still require not only caste, such as Brahman or Kshatriya, but also a certain home region or ethnic origin. In a land where light skin is often regarded as socially preferable, many also require that a woman have a "wheat color" complexion or that a man be "tall, fair and handsome". Advertisements are placed and eagerly read by a wide range of people in the upper classes, mostly in cities. Many of them receive dozens of answers. "There’s nothing embarrassing about it," explained a Calcutta businessman advertising for a son-in-law. "It’s just another way of broadening the contacts and increasing the possibility of doing the best one can for one’s daughter." Because of high unemployment and a generally poor standard of living here, one of the best attractions a marriage advertisement can offer is a permit to live abroad, especially in Canada or the United States. A person who has one can get what he wants. One recent Sunday in Madras, for example, a Punjabi engineer living in San Francisco advertised for a "beautiful slim bride with lovely features knowing music and dance". And a man whose advertisement said that he had an American immigration permit was able to say, "Only girls from rich, well-educated families need apply.\ A good title for this article would be ______.

A.Why Do People Marry
B.Marriage Customs in India Are Changing
C.Why Indians Read the Sunday Newspaper
D.Living Abroad

19.The Virtual Shopping Mall People buy things, items, for different reasons. They buy the products because they need them or just because they want them. People go shopping: they look around at different stores to find good deals. They "comparison-shop " In other words, they look at the same product in several stores or from several manufacturers. Then they choose to purchase the best products for themselves—their favorite ones or the ones with the lowest prices. However, many people shop because they enjoy shopping. They like to walk through stores looking at products. They think about the products, and sometimes they buy them. Today shoppers have many ways that they can go shopping. People used to go to the local market to do their shopping. They went from store to store to find the products that they wanted or needed. At the meat market, customers bought meat, and at the bakery, they purchased bread. At the department store, consumers looked at the attractive’’ displays in the windows and on the racks. They bought television sets and VCRs at the appliance store. Shoppers went from store to store comparing the products and the prices. Then they made their decisions, and they bought items. They shopped for other products in other stores, such as grocery stores, pharmacies, hardware stores, or flower shops. The owners of the stores advertised their products to compete for business. In small towns, shoppers may still shop this way. Now, however, shoppers have several choices when they want to purchase products. They may go to the shopping mall, where there are many stores in the same place under the same roof. They can park their cars in the large parking lot and do all their shopping in one stop. Also, they probably study newspaper advertisements in the morning before they go to the mall. The ads inform them about special sales, or bargains. In the newspaper, sometimes these shoppers find discount coupons for special sales. They are ready to make rational decisions about their purchases. The shopping mall is very convenient for many people. On the other hand, other consumers shop by mail. They get catalogs and advertising flyers from manufacturers in their mailboxes. At home, they look at the displays of items on the pages in the catalogs. The catalogs show colorful pictures of the products. There are also written descriptions of the items. These descriptions tell the buyer about the materials in the product, the sizes, the colors, and the prices. The consumers analyze the products and make decisions. Then they mail their orders to the manufacturer, or they use the telephone to place their orders. Shopping by catalog is another convenient way for the consumer to go shopping. Modern technology has added other ways for people to shop. Shoppers can now shop for products and services from their homes. On their television sets, viewers can choose a shopping channel. These channels are like catalogs on TV. For example, shoppers see models wearing the clothes or jewelry. They can watch a salesperson demonstrate a video camera. Or they can see a salesperson cook a meal on a special kind of kitchen appliance. The products seem to come alive and be real, not just pictures on a page in a catalog. It is easy to purchase the items. The buyers order the items by calling a number on the telephone and giving their credit card numbers. Sometimes the buyer can pay for the item in several installments. The business sends the product to the consumer through the mail. Many buyers are vulnerable because it is so easy to shop this way. They use their credit cards quickly, and soon they have large bills to pay. Another way shoppers use technology is on their computers. They use e-commerce. Using a computer, they shop for products and services across the country and around the world. People use computers to help them keep track of their money. For example, they do their banking and keep track of their investments. They can analyze their own financial, or money, situations. Other people pay their bills in this way. They do not write checks and mail them. Another example of e-commerce is making travel arrangements. When travelers want to go on a trip, they make their airplane and hotel reservations by using the Internet. They search the Internet for the best prices and the most convenient times for their travel. After they have analyzed the prices and times, they make their decisions. By computer, they make the reservations for their flights. The traveler can also make hotel reservations and reserve rental cars in a distant cit-y. It is obvious that traveling is much more convenient now because of the computer. Shoppers also use the Internet to find products that they want to buy. For example, a shopper who wants a new car can shop with his computer. He sees displays of many kinds of cars. He sees the colors and the equipment of the cars. He can compare the styles of the cars. Furthermore, he can learn about the price

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

20.In the interest of lightness of weight, everything you carry in your pack should serve as many purposes as possible. Clothing and sleeping gear constitute the greatest amount of bulk in your pack and probably the most weight. Thus, you should choose clothes and sleeping gear with a great deal of versatility in mind. Get the maximum use from the various items of clothing and sleeping gear and combinations of them. For example, instead of two pairs of long pants, carry one pair of long pants and a pair of shorts. You can wear the shorts alone, or the long pants alone, or both at the same time. The same with shirts. Instead of one heavy shirt, carry two medium-weight shirts-one with long sleeves, one with short sleeves. Carry two light-weight wool, sweaters instead of a heavy sweater or jacket. Even better, carry a light-weight wool sweater and a wind shell. This gives you three possibilities: sweater alone, shell alone, sweater and shell together. Additionally, you will be warmer in several layers of clothing than in one layer of heavy clothing. The shell, light sweater, and two shirts will keep you warmer than one shirt and a heavy sweater or jacket. This same layering principle applies when you sleep. Better to have a light-weight sleeping bag and wear several layers of clothing than to have a heavy-duty, low-temperature sleeping bag. Of course, different people sleep warm or cold, depending upon their body metabolism. And those needs should obviously be considered in the assembly of clothes" they carry. Should you find yourself in a freak situation such as zero temperature, when you start out in weather that should not have dropped below 30 degrees, there are a number of things you can do to improve the warmth of your sleep. (1) You can sleep inside a tent, of course. This increases the temperature by 5 to 10 degrees and it cuts the wind chill factor substantially. (2) Camp out of the wind if possible. This cuts down the wind chill factor. (3) Place your sleeping bags close together. This retains the heat for all of you. (4) Camp on the side of a hill instead of on the valley floor, especially on clear nights. Warmer air lifts up and off the valley floor on clear nights. There can be as much as 15 degrees difference between the temperature on the side of the hill and that on the valley floor. The author believes that everything in your pack should________.

A.be lightweight
B.serve an important purpose
C.serve several purpose
D.keep the pack warm

21.The Virtual Shopping Mall People buy things, items, for different reasons. They buy the products because they need them or just because they want them. People go shopping: they look around at different stores to find good deals. They "comparison-shop " In other words, they look at the same product in several stores or from several manufacturers. Then they choose to purchase the best products for themselves—their favorite ones or the ones with the lowest prices. However, many people shop because they enjoy shopping. They like to walk through stores looking at products. They think about the products, and sometimes they buy them. Today shoppers have many ways that they can go shopping. People used to go to the local market to do their shopping. They went from store to store to find the products that they wanted or needed. At the meat market, customers bought meat, and at the bakery, they purchased bread. At the department store, consumers looked at the attractive’’ displays in the windows and on the racks. They bought television sets and VCRs at the appliance store. Shoppers went from store to store comparing the products and the prices. Then they made their decisions, and they bought items. They shopped for other products in other stores, such as grocery stores, pharmacies, hardware stores, or flower shops. The owners of the stores advertised their products to compete for business. In small towns, shoppers may still shop this way. Now, however, shoppers have several choices when they want to purchase products. They may go to the shopping mall, where there are many stores in the same place under the same roof. They can park their cars in the large parking lot and do all their shopping in one stop. Also, they probably study newspaper advertisements in the morning before they go to the mall. The ads inform them about special sales, or bargains. In the newspaper, sometimes these shoppers find discount coupons for special sales. They are ready to make rational decisions about their purchases. The shopping mall is very convenient for many people. On the other hand, other consumers shop by mail. They get catalogs and advertising flyers from manufacturers in their mailboxes. At home, they look at the displays of items on the pages in the catalogs. The catalogs show colorful pictures of the products. There are also written descriptions of the items. These descriptions tell the buyer about the materials in the product, the sizes, the colors, and the prices. The consumers analyze the products and make decisions. Then they mail their orders to the manufacturer, or they use the telephone to place their orders. Shopping by catalog is another convenient way for the consumer to go shopping. Modern technology has added other ways for people to shop. Shoppers can now shop for products and services from their homes. On their television sets, viewers can choose a shopping channel. These channels are like catalogs on TV. For example, shoppers see models wearing the clothes or jewelry. They can watch a salesperson demonstrate a video camera. Or they can see a salesperson cook a meal on a special kind of kitchen appliance. The products seem to come alive and be real, not just pictures on a page in a catalog. It is easy to purchase the items. The buyers order the items by calling a number on the telephone and giving their credit card numbers. Sometimes the buyer can pay for the item in several installments. The business sends the product to the consumer through the mail. Many buyers are vulnerable because it is so easy to shop this way. They use their credit cards quickly, and soon they have large bills to pay. Another way shoppers use technology is on their computers. They use e-commerce. Using a computer, they shop for products and services across the country and around the world. People use computers to help them keep track of their money. For example, they do their banking and keep track of their investments. They can analyze their own financial, or money, situations. Other people pay their bills in this way. They do not write checks and mail them. Another example of e-commerce is making travel arrangements. When travelers want to go on a trip, they make their airplane and hotel reservations by using the Internet. They search the Internet for the best prices and the most convenient times for their travel. After they have analyzed the prices and times, they make their decisions. By computer, they make the reservations for their flights. The traveler can also make hotel reservations and reserve rental cars in a distant cit-y. It is obvious that traveling is much more convenient now because of the computer. Shoppers also use the Internet to find products that they want to buy. For example, a shopper who wants a new car can shop with his computer. He sees displays of many kinds of cars. He sees the colors and the equipment of the cars. He can compare the styles of the cars. Furthermore, he can learn about the price

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

22.In the interest of lightness of weight, everything you carry in your pack should serve as many purposes as possible. Clothing and sleeping gear constitute the greatest amount of bulk in your pack and probably the most weight. Thus, you should choose clothes and sleeping gear with a great deal of versatility in mind. Get the maximum use from the various items of clothing and sleeping gear and combinations of them. For example, instead of two pairs of long pants, carry one pair of long pants and a pair of shorts. You can wear the shorts alone, or the long pants alone, or both at the same time. The same with shirts. Instead of one heavy shirt, carry two medium-weight shirts-one with long sleeves, one with short sleeves. Carry two light-weight wool, sweaters instead of a heavy sweater or jacket. Even better, carry a light-weight wool sweater and a wind shell. This gives you three possibilities: sweater alone, shell alone, sweater and shell together. Additionally, you will be warmer in several layers of clothing than in one layer of heavy clothing. The shell, light sweater, and two shirts will keep you warmer than one shirt and a heavy sweater or jacket. This same layering principle applies when you sleep. Better to have a light-weight sleeping bag and wear several layers of clothing than to have a heavy-duty, low-temperature sleeping bag. Of course, different people sleep warm or cold, depending upon their body metabolism. And those needs should obviously be considered in the assembly of clothes" they carry. Should you find yourself in a freak situation such as zero temperature, when you start out in weather that should not have dropped below 30 degrees, there are a number of things you can do to improve the warmth of your sleep. (1) You can sleep inside a tent, of course. This increases the temperature by 5 to 10 degrees and it cuts the wind chill factor substantially. (2) Camp out of the wind if possible. This cuts down the wind chill factor. (3) Place your sleeping bags close together. This retains the heat for all of you. (4) Camp on the side of a hill instead of on the valley floor, especially on clear nights. Warmer air lifts up and off the valley floor on clear nights. There can be as much as 15 degrees difference between the temperature on the side of the hill and that on the valley floor. All of the following aspects of backpacking are discussed in the passage except________.

A.wearing several layers of clothing
B.getting maximum use from your pack material
C.improving the warmth of your sleep
D.forecasting the weather

23.The Virtual Shopping Mall People buy things, items, for different reasons. They buy the products because they need them or just because they want them. People go shopping: they look around at different stores to find good deals. They "comparison-shop " In other words, they look at the same product in several stores or from several manufacturers. Then they choose to purchase the best products for themselves—their favorite ones or the ones with the lowest prices. However, many people shop because they enjoy shopping. They like to walk through stores looking at products. They think about the products, and sometimes they buy them. Today shoppers have many ways that they can go shopping. People used to go to the local market to do their shopping. They went from store to store to find the products that they wanted or needed. At the meat market, customers bought meat, and at the bakery, they purchased bread. At the department store, consumers looked at the attractive’’ displays in the windows and on the racks. They bought television sets and VCRs at the appliance store. Shoppers went from store to store comparing the products and the prices. Then they made their decisions, and they bought items. They shopped for other products in other stores, such as grocery stores, pharmacies, hardware stores, or flower shops. The owners of the stores advertised their products to compete for business. In small towns, shoppers may still shop this way. Now, however, shoppers have several choices when they want to purchase products. They may go to the shopping mall, where there are many stores in the same place under the same roof. They can park their cars in the large parking lot and do all their shopping in one stop. Also, they probably study newspaper advertisements in the morning before they go to the mall. The ads inform them about special sales, or bargains. In the newspaper, sometimes these shoppers find discount coupons for special sales. They are ready to make rational decisions about their purchases. The shopping mall is very convenient for many people. On the other hand, other consumers shop by mail. They get catalogs and advertising flyers from manufacturers in their mailboxes. At home, they look at the displays of items on the pages in the catalogs. The catalogs show colorful pictures of the products. There are also written descriptions of the items. These descriptions tell the buyer about the materials in the product, the sizes, the colors, and the prices. The consumers analyze the products and make decisions. Then they mail their orders to the manufacturer, or they use the telephone to place their orders. Shopping by catalog is another convenient way for the consumer to go shopping. Modern technology has added other ways for people to shop. Shoppers can now shop for products and services from their homes. On their television sets, viewers can choose a shopping channel. These channels are like catalogs on TV. For example, shoppers see models wearing the clothes or jewelry. They can watch a salesperson demonstrate a video camera. Or they can see a salesperson cook a meal on a special kind of kitchen appliance. The products seem to come alive and be real, not just pictures on a page in a catalog. It is easy to purchase the items. The buyers order the items by calling a number on the telephone and giving their credit card numbers. Sometimes the buyer can pay for the item in several installments. The business sends the product to the consumer through the mail. Many buyers are vulnerable because it is so easy to shop this way. They use their credit cards quickly, and soon they have large bills to pay. Another way shoppers use technology is on their computers. They use e-commerce. Using a computer, they shop for products and services across the country and around the world. People use computers to help them keep track of their money. For example, they do their banking and keep track of their investments. They can analyze their own financial, or money, situations. Other people pay their bills in this way. They do not write checks and mail them. Another example of e-commerce is making travel arrangements. When travelers want to go on a trip, they make their airplane and hotel reservations by using the Internet. They search the Internet for the best prices and the most convenient times for their travel. After they have analyzed the prices and times, they make their decisions. By computer, they make the reservations for their flights. The traveler can also make hotel reservations and reserve rental cars in a distant cit-y. It is obvious that traveling is much more convenient now because of the computer. Shoppers also use the Internet to find products that they want to buy. For example, a shopper who wants a new car can shop with his computer. He sees displays of many kinds of cars. He sees the colors and the equipment of the cars. He can compare the styles of the cars. Furthermore, he can learn about the price

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

24.In the interest of lightness of weight, everything you carry in your pack should serve as many purposes as possible. Clothing and sleeping gear constitute the greatest amount of bulk in your pack and probably the most weight. Thus, you should choose clothes and sleeping gear with a great deal of versatility in mind. Get the maximum use from the various items of clothing and sleeping gear and combinations of them. For example, instead of two pairs of long pants, carry one pair of long pants and a pair of shorts. You can wear the shorts alone, or the long pants alone, or both at the same time. The same with shirts. Instead of one heavy shirt, carry two medium-weight shirts-one with long sleeves, one with short sleeves. Carry two light-weight wool, sweaters instead of a heavy sweater or jacket. Even better, carry a light-weight wool sweater and a wind shell. This gives you three possibilities: sweater alone, shell alone, sweater and shell together. Additionally, you will be warmer in several layers of clothing than in one layer of heavy clothing. The shell, light sweater, and two shirts will keep you warmer than one shirt and a heavy sweater or jacket. This same layering principle applies when you sleep. Better to have a light-weight sleeping bag and wear several layers of clothing than to have a heavy-duty, low-temperature sleeping bag. Of course, different people sleep warm or cold, depending upon their body metabolism. And those needs should obviously be considered in the assembly of clothes" they carry. Should you find yourself in a freak situation such as zero temperature, when you start out in weather that should not have dropped below 30 degrees, there are a number of things you can do to improve the warmth of your sleep. (1) You can sleep inside a tent, of course. This increases the temperature by 5 to 10 degrees and it cuts the wind chill factor substantially. (2) Camp out of the wind if possible. This cuts down the wind chill factor. (3) Place your sleeping bags close together. This retains the heat for all of you. (4) Camp on the side of a hill instead of on the valley floor, especially on clear nights. Warmer air lifts up and off the valley floor on clear nights. There can be as much as 15 degrees difference between the temperature on the side of the hill and that on the valley floor. According to the passage, it would be more advantageous to pack________.

A.a light sleeping hag, pants and shorts, a heavy jacket, and a shirt
B.a light sleeping bag, two pairs of pants, and a heavy jacket
C.a light sleeping bag, two pairs of pants, and a light sweater and shirt
D.a light sleeping bag, pants and shorts, and a light sweater and shirt

25.The Virtual Shopping Mall People buy things, items, for different reasons. They buy the products because they need them or just because they want them. People go shopping: they look around at different stores to find good deals. They "comparison-shop " In other words, they look at the same product in several stores or from several manufacturers. Then they choose to purchase the best products for themselves—their favorite ones or the ones with the lowest prices. However, many people shop because they enjoy shopping. They like to walk through stores looking at products. They think about the products, and sometimes they buy them. Today shoppers have many ways that they can go shopping. People used to go to the local market to do their shopping. They went from store to store to find the products that they wanted or needed. At the meat market, customers bought meat, and at the bakery, they purchased bread. At the department store, consumers looked at the attractive’’ displays in the windows and on the racks. They bought television sets and VCRs at the appliance store. Shoppers went from store to store comparing the products and the prices. Then they made their decisions, and they bought items. They shopped for other products in other stores, such as grocery stores, pharmacies, hardware stores, or flower shops. The owners of the stores advertised their products to compete for business. In small towns, shoppers may still shop this way. Now, however, shoppers have several choices when they want to purchase products. They may go to the shopping mall, where there are many stores in the same place under the same roof. They can park their cars in the large parking lot and do all their shopping in one stop. Also, they probably study newspaper advertisements in the morning before they go to the mall. The ads inform them about special sales, or bargains. In the newspaper, sometimes these shoppers find discount coupons for special sales. They are ready to make rational decisions about their purchases. The shopping mall is very convenient for many people. On the other hand, other consumers shop by mail. They get catalogs and advertising flyers from manufacturers in their mailboxes. At home, they look at the displays of items on the pages in the catalogs. The catalogs show colorful pictures of the products. There are also written descriptions of the items. These descriptions tell the buyer about the materials in the product, the sizes, the colors, and the prices. The consumers analyze the products and make decisions. Then they mail their orders to the manufacturer, or they use the telephone to place their orders. Shopping by catalog is another convenient way for the consumer to go shopping. Modern technology has added other ways for people to shop. Shoppers can now shop for products and services from their homes. On their television sets, viewers can choose a shopping channel. These channels are like catalogs on TV. For example, shoppers see models wearing the clothes or jewelry. They can watch a salesperson demonstrate a video camera. Or they can see a salesperson cook a meal on a special kind of kitchen appliance. The products seem to come alive and be real, not just pictures on a page in a catalog. It is easy to purchase the items. The buyers order the items by calling a number on the telephone and giving their credit card numbers. Sometimes the buyer can pay for the item in several installments. The business sends the product to the consumer through the mail. Many buyers are vulnerable because it is so easy to shop this way. They use their credit cards quickly, and soon they have large bills to pay. Another way shoppers use technology is on their computers. They use e-commerce. Using a computer, they shop for products and services across the country and around the world. People use computers to help them keep track of their money. For example, they do their banking and keep track of their investments. They can analyze their own financial, or money, situations. Other people pay their bills in this way. They do not write checks and mail them. Another example of e-commerce is making travel arrangements. When travelers want to go on a trip, they make their airplane and hotel reservations by using the Internet. They search the Internet for the best prices and the most convenient times for their travel. After they have analyzed the prices and times, they make their decisions. By computer, they make the reservations for their flights. The traveler can also make hotel reservations and reserve rental cars in a distant cit-y. It is obvious that traveling is much more convenient now because of the computer. Shoppers also use the Internet to find products that they want to buy. For example, a shopper who wants a new car can shop with his computer. He sees displays of many kinds of cars. He sees the colors and the equipment of the cars. He can compare the styles of the cars. Furthermore, he can learn about the price

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

26.In the interest of lightness of weight, everything you carry in your pack should serve as many purposes as possible. Clothing and sleeping gear constitute the greatest amount of bulk in your pack and probably the most weight. Thus, you should choose clothes and sleeping gear with a great deal of versatility in mind. Get the maximum use from the various items of clothing and sleeping gear and combinations of them. For example, instead of two pairs of long pants, carry one pair of long pants and a pair of shorts. You can wear the shorts alone, or the long pants alone, or both at the same time. The same with shirts. Instead of one heavy shirt, carry two medium-weight shirts-one with long sleeves, one with short sleeves. Carry two light-weight wool, sweaters instead of a heavy sweater or jacket. Even better, carry a light-weight wool sweater and a wind shell. This gives you three possibilities: sweater alone, shell alone, sweater and shell together. Additionally, you will be warmer in several layers of clothing than in one layer of heavy clothing. The shell, light sweater, and two shirts will keep you warmer than one shirt and a heavy sweater or jacket. This same layering principle applies when you sleep. Better to have a light-weight sleeping bag and wear several layers of clothing than to have a heavy-duty, low-temperature sleeping bag. Of course, different people sleep warm or cold, depending upon their body metabolism. And those needs should obviously be considered in the assembly of clothes" they carry. Should you find yourself in a freak situation such as zero temperature, when you start out in weather that should not have dropped below 30 degrees, there are a number of things you can do to improve the warmth of your sleep. (1) You can sleep inside a tent, of course. This increases the temperature by 5 to 10 degrees and it cuts the wind chill factor substantially. (2) Camp out of the wind if possible. This cuts down the wind chill factor. (3) Place your sleeping bags close together. This retains the heat for all of you. (4) Camp on the side of a hill instead of on the valley floor, especially on clear nights. Warmer air lifts up and off the valley floor on clear nights. There can be as much as 15 degrees difference between the temperature on the side of the hill and that on the valley floor. Why is it warmer on the side of a hill than on the valley floor

A.Because warmer air lifts up and off the valley floor, especially on clear nights.
B.Because there is difference between the temperature.
C.Because cold wind blows down to the valley.
D.No information is mentioned in the passage.

27.In the interest of lightness of weight, everything you carry in your pack should serve as many purposes as possible. Clothing and sleeping gear constitute the greatest amount of bulk in your pack and probably the most weight. Thus, you should choose clothes and sleeping gear with a great deal of versatility in mind. Get the maximum use from the various items of clothing and sleeping gear and combinations of them. For example, instead of two pairs of long pants, carry one pair of long pants and a pair of shorts. You can wear the shorts alone, or the long pants alone, or both at the same time. The same with shirts. Instead of one heavy shirt, carry two medium-weight shirts-one with long sleeves, one with short sleeves. Carry two light-weight wool, sweaters instead of a heavy sweater or jacket. Even better, carry a light-weight wool sweater and a wind shell. This gives you three possibilities: sweater alone, shell alone, sweater and shell together. Additionally, you will be warmer in several layers of clothing than in one layer of heavy clothing. The shell, light sweater, and two shirts will keep you warmer than one shirt and a heavy sweater or jacket. This same layering principle applies when you sleep. Better to have a light-weight sleeping bag and wear several layers of clothing than to have a heavy-duty, low-temperature sleeping bag. Of course, different people sleep warm or cold, depending upon their body metabolism. And those needs should obviously be considered in the assembly of clothes" they carry. Should you find yourself in a freak situation such as zero temperature, when you start out in weather that should not have dropped below 30 degrees, there are a number of things you can do to improve the warmth of your sleep. (1) You can sleep inside a tent, of course. This increases the temperature by 5 to 10 degrees and it cuts the wind chill factor substantially. (2) Camp out of the wind if possible. This cuts down the wind chill factor. (3) Place your sleeping bags close together. This retains the heat for all of you. (4) Camp on the side of a hill instead of on the valley floor, especially on clear nights. Warmer air lifts up and off the valley floor on clear nights. There can be as much as 15 degrees difference between the temperature on the side of the hill and that on the valley floor. According to the passage, if you were camping in 10°C weather and the temperature dropped to 10℃ below zero, you could compensate for this by________.

A.sleeping in a tent with special layers of clothing
B.sleeping in a tent on the side of a hill
C.sleeping on the side of a hill
D.sleeping on the side of a hill out of the wind

28.British universities, groaning under the burden of a huge increase in student numbers, are warning that the tradition of a free education is at risk. The universities have threatened to impose an admission fee on students to plug a gap in revenue if the government does not act to improve their finances and scrap some public spending cutbacks. The government responded to the universities’’ threat by setting up the most fundamental review of higher education for a generation, under a non-party troubleshooter(调停人), Sir Ron Dealing.One in three school-leavers enters higher education, five times the number when the last review took place thirty years ago. Everyone agrees a system that is feeling the strain after rapid expansion needs a lot more money — but there is little hope of getting it from the taxpayer and not much scope for attracting more finance from business. Most colleges believe students should contribute to tuition costs, something that is common elsewhere in the world but would mark a revolutionary change in Britain. Universities want the government to introduce a loan scheme for tuition fees and have suspended their own threatened action for now. They await Dearing’’s advice, hoping it will not be too late — some are already reported to be in financial difficulty. As the century nears its end, the whole concept of what a university should be is under the microscope. Experts wonder how much they can use computers instead of classrooms, talk of the need for lifelong learning and refer to students as "consumers." The Confederation (联盟)of British Industry, the key employers’’ organization, wants even more expansion in higher education to help fight competition on world markets from booming Asian economies. But the government has doubts about more expansion. The Times newspaper agrees, complaining chat quality has suffered as student numbers soared, with close tutorial supervision giving way to "mass production methods more typical of European universities. The chief concern of British universities is______.

A.how to tackle their present financial difficulty
B.how to expand the enrollment to meet the needs of enterprises
C.how to improve their educational technology
D.how to put an end to the current tendency of quality deterioration

29.British universities, groaning under the burden of a huge increase in student numbers, are warning that the tradition of a free education is at risk. The universities have threatened to impose an admission fee on students to plug a gap in revenue if the government does not act to improve their finances and scrap some public spending cutbacks. The government responded to the universities’’ threat by setting up the most fundamental review of higher education for a generation, under a non-party troubleshooter(调停人), Sir Ron Dealing.One in three school-leavers enters higher education, five times the number when the last review took place thirty years ago. Everyone agrees a system that is feeling the strain after rapid expansion needs a lot more money — but there is little hope of getting it from the taxpayer and not much scope for attracting more finance from business. Most colleges believe students should contribute to tuition costs, something that is common elsewhere in the world but would mark a revolutionary change in Britain. Universities want the government to introduce a loan scheme for tuition fees and have suspended their own threatened action for now. They await Dearing’’s advice, hoping it will not be too late — some are already reported to be in financial difficulty. As the century nears its end, the whole concept of what a university should be is under the microscope. Experts wonder how much they can use computers instead of classrooms, talk of the need for lifelong learning and refer to students as "consumers." The Confederation (联盟)of British Industry, the key employers’’ organization, wants even more expansion in higher education to help fight competition on world markets from booming Asian economies. But the government has doubts about more expansion. The Times newspaper agrees, complaining chat quality has suffered as student numbers soared, with close tutorial supervision giving way to "mass production methods more typical of European universities. We can learn from the passage that in Britain______.

A.the government pays dearly for its financial policy
B.universities are mainly funded by businesses
C.higher education is provided free of charge
D.students are ready to accept loan schemes for tuition

30.British universities, groaning under the burden of a huge increase in student numbers, are warning that the tradition of a free education is at risk. The universities have threatened to impose an admission fee on students to plug a gap in revenue if the government does not act to improve their finances and scrap some public spending cutbacks. The government responded to the universities’’ threat by setting up the most fundamental review of higher education for a generation, under a non-party troubleshooter(调停人), Sir Ron Dealing.One in three school-leavers enters higher education, five times the number when the last review took place thirty years ago. Everyone agrees a system that is feeling the strain after rapid expansion needs a lot more money — but there is little hope of getting it from the taxpayer and not much scope for attracting more finance from business. Most colleges believe students should contribute to tuition costs, something that is common elsewhere in the world but would mark a revolutionary change in Britain. Universities want the government to introduce a loan scheme for tuition fees and have suspended their own threatened action for now. They await Dearing’’s advice, hoping it will not be too late — some are already reported to be in financial difficulty. As the century nears its end, the whole concept of what a university should be is under the microscope. Experts wonder how much they can use computers instead of classrooms, talk of the need for lifelong learning and refer to students as "consumers." The Confederation (联盟)of British Industry, the key employers’’ organization, wants even more expansion in higher education to help fight competition on world markets from booming Asian economies. But the government has doubts about more expansion. The Times newspaper agrees, complaining chat quality has suffered as student numbers soared, with close tutorial supervision giving way to "mass production methods more typical of European universities. What was the percentage of high school graduates admitted to universities in Britain thirty years ago

A.20% or so.
B.About 15 %.
C.Above 30%.
D.Below 10 %.

31.British universities, groaning under the burden of a huge increase in student numbers, are warning that the tradition of a free education is at risk. The universities have threatened to impose an admission fee on students to plug a gap in revenue if the government does not act to improve their finances and scrap some public spending cutbacks. The government responded to the universities’’ threat by setting up the most fundamental review of higher education for a generation, under a non-party troubleshooter(调停人), Sir Ron Dealing.One in three school-leavers enters higher education, five times the number when the last review took place thirty years ago. Everyone agrees a system that is feeling the strain after rapid expansion needs a lot more money — but there is little hope of getting it from the taxpayer and not much scope for attracting more finance from business. Most colleges believe students should contribute to tuition costs, something that is common elsewhere in the world but would mark a revolutionary change in Britain. Universities want the government to introduce a loan scheme for tuition fees and have suspended their own threatened action for now. They await Dearing’’s advice, hoping it will not be too late — some are already reported to be in financial difficulty. As the century nears its end, the whole concept of what a university should be is under the microscope. Experts wonder how much they can use computers instead of classrooms, talk of the need for lifelong learning and refer to students as "consumers." The Confederation (联盟)of British Industry, the key employers’’ organization, wants even more expansion in higher education to help fight competition on world markets from booming Asian economies. But the government has doubts about more expansion. The Times newspaper agrees, complaining chat quality has suffered as student numbers soared, with close tutorial supervision giving way to "mass production methods more typical of European universities. It can be inferred from the passage that______.

A.the British government will be forced to increase its spending on higher education
B.British employers demand an expansion in enrollment at the expense of quality
C.the best way out for British universities is to follow their European counterparts
D.British students will probably have to pay for their higher education in the near future

32.British universities, groaning under the burden of a huge increase in student numbers, are warning that the tradition of a free education is at risk. The universities have threatened to impose an admission fee on students to plug a gap in revenue if the government does not act to improve their finances and scrap some public spending cutbacks. The government responded to the universities’’ threat by setting up the most fundamental review of higher education for a generation, under a non-party troubleshooter(调停人), Sir Ron Dealing.One in three school-leavers enters higher education, five times the number when the last review took place thirty years ago. Everyone agrees a system that is feeling the strain after rapid expansion needs a lot more money — but there is little hope of getting it from the taxpayer and not much scope for attracting more finance from business. Most colleges believe students should contribute to tuition costs, something that is common elsewhere in the world but would mark a revolutionary change in Britain. Universities want the government to introduce a loan scheme for tuition fees and have suspended their own threatened action for now. They await Dearing’’s advice, hoping it will not be too late — some are already reported to be in financial difficulty. As the century nears its end, the whole concept of what a university should be is under the microscope. Experts wonder how much they can use computers instead of classrooms, talk of the need for lifelong learning and refer to students as "consumers." The Confederation (联盟)of British Industry, the key employers’’ organization, wants even more expansion in higher education to help fight competition on world markets from booming Asian economies. But the government has doubts about more expansion. The Times newspaper agrees, complaining chat quality has suffered as student numbers soared, with close tutorial supervision giving way to "mass production methods more typical of European universities. Which of the following is the viewpoint of the Times newspaper

A.Expansion in enrollment is bound to affect the quality of British higher education.
B.British universities should expand their enrollment to meet the needs of industry.
C.European universities can better meet die needs of the modem world.
D.British universities should help fight competition on world markets.

33.{{B}}Passage 3{{/B}}

No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. There are almost 2,000 of them, as compared with 180 in Japan, 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. The quality of some American papers is extremely high and their views are quoted all over the world. Distinguished dailies like the Washington Post or the New York Times have a powerful influence all over the country. However, the Post and the Times are not national newspapers in the sense that The Times is in Britain or Le Monde is in France, since each American city has its own daily newspaper. The best of these present detailed accounts of national and international news, but many tend to limit themselves to state or cite news.
Like the press in most other countries, American newspapers range from the "sensational", which feature crime, sex and rumor, to the serious, which focus on factual news and the analysis of world events. But with few exceptions American newspapers try to entertain as well as give information, for they have to compete with television.
Just as American newspapers give way to all tastes, so do they also try and apply to readers for all political persuasions. (80) {{U}}A few newspapers support extremist groups on the far fight and on the far left, but most daily newspapers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate. {{/U}}Many of these papers print columns by well-known journalists of different political and social views, in order to present a balanced picture.
As in other democratic countries American newspapers can be either responsible or irresponsible, but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once bravely uncovered political scandals (丑闻) or crimes, for instance, the Watergate Affair. The newspapers drew the attention of the public to the fears of the Vietnam War.
There are fewer national newspapers in ______.

A.Britain than in the USA
B.France than in Britain
C.the USA than in Britain or France
D.France than in the USA or Britain

34.
{{B}}Passage 1{{/B}}

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end--with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste." "Drink Root Beer." "Fill up with Pacific Gas." Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now !"
The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you’ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed--new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. (76){{U}}The bus driver has a style of driving and it’ s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. {{/U}}If the driver is particularly reckless or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story. Will the driver pass the truck in time Will the driver move into the right or the left-hand lane After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But: you’ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.
The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there’s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat, of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. (77) {{U}}By now you’ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the fight time. {{/U}}There are just no more ways to sit.
According to the passage, what do the passengers usually see when they are on a long bus trip

A.Buses on the road.
B.Films on television.
C.Advertisements on the board.
D.Gas stations.

35.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.second
B.recent
C.next
D.late

36.{{B}}Passage 2{{/B}}

It was not much fun to travel on one of the old sailing ships. Life was hard for both passengers and crew. (78) {{U}}17th century sailing ships were small and rolled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick. {{/U}}
There were no toilets, and the spaces below deck where passengers had to stay during gales were often not more than 5 foot high. Water was scarce and the little water they got was brown and smelt terrible.
Food was a problem, too--there was only salted meat, ship’s biscuits and cheese, but the cheese was so hard that sailors often made buttons out of it for their jackets and trousers. There were no vegetables or fruit, so the people on board often fell ill.
The sailors, however, were a bit better off than the passengers. They each had a bottle of beer a day, and they needed. The work they had to do was hard and dangerous. (79) {{U}}Courage was needed, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sailors were swept overboard in a gale. {{/U}}Almost the worst thing about the voyages was the time they took up to 70 days for the journey across the Atlantic. Not surprisingly, everybody was overjoyed when they at last approached land and stepped ashore. But some ships never arrived.
In the 17th century ______

A.life on old sailing ships was enjoyable
B.people enjoyed sailing old ships in rough seas
C.most of the passengers felt comfortable when the ship was rolling
D.it was very painful for both passengers and crew during the voyage

37.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.Any
B.Some
C.More
D.All

38.
{{B}}Passage 1{{/B}}

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end--with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste." "Drink Root Beer." "Fill up with Pacific Gas." Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now !"
The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you’ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed--new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. (76){{U}}The bus driver has a style of driving and it’ s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. {{/U}}If the driver is particularly reckless or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story. Will the driver pass the truck in time Will the driver move into the right or the left-hand lane After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But: you’ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.
The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there’s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat, of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. (77) {{U}}By now you’ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the fight time. {{/U}}There are just no more ways to sit.
What is the purpose of this passage

A.To give the writer’s opinion about long bus trips.
B.To persuade you to take a long bus trip.
C.To explain how bus trips and television shows differ.
D.To describe the billboards along the road.

39.{{B}}Passage 2{{/B}}

It was not much fun to travel on one of the old sailing ships. Life was hard for both passengers and crew. (78) {{U}}17th century sailing ships were small and rolled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick. {{/U}}
There were no toilets, and the spaces below deck where passengers had to stay during gales were often not more than 5 foot high. Water was scarce and the little water they got was brown and smelt terrible.
Food was a problem, too--there was only salted meat, ship’s biscuits and cheese, but the cheese was so hard that sailors often made buttons out of it for their jackets and trousers. There were no vegetables or fruit, so the people on board often fell ill.
The sailors, however, were a bit better off than the passengers. They each had a bottle of beer a day, and they needed. The work they had to do was hard and dangerous. (79) {{U}}Courage was needed, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sailors were swept overboard in a gale. {{/U}}Almost the worst thing about the voyages was the time they took up to 70 days for the journey across the Atlantic. Not surprisingly, everybody was overjoyed when they at last approached land and stepped ashore. But some ships never arrived.
The passengers ______ when the ship was heavily rolling.

A.slept well
B.could drink a lot of water
C.had to stay below deck
D.had a big room of more than 5 foot high

40.{{B}}Passage 3{{/B}}

No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. There are almost 2,000 of them, as compared with 180 in Japan, 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. The quality of some American papers is extremely high and their views are quoted all over the world. Distinguished dailies like the Washington Post or the New York Times have a powerful influence all over the country. However, the Post and the Times are not national newspapers in the sense that The Times is in Britain or Le Monde is in France, since each American city has its own daily newspaper. The best of these present detailed accounts of national and international news, but many tend to limit themselves to state or cite news.
Like the press in most other countries, American newspapers range from the "sensational", which feature crime, sex and rumor, to the serious, which focus on factual news and the analysis of world events. But with few exceptions American newspapers try to entertain as well as give information, for they have to compete with television.
Just as American newspapers give way to all tastes, so do they also try and apply to readers for all political persuasions. (80) {{U}}A few newspapers support extremist groups on the far fight and on the far left, but most daily newspapers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate. {{/U}}Many of these papers print columns by well-known journalists of different political and social views, in order to present a balanced picture.
As in other democratic countries American newspapers can be either responsible or irresponsible, but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once bravely uncovered political scandals (丑闻) or crimes, for instance, the Watergate Affair. The newspapers drew the attention of the public to the fears of the Vietnam War.
Most American newspapers try to entertain their readers because

A.they have to keep up a good relation with them
B.they have to compete with television
C.they have to write about crime, sex and rumor
D.they have to give factual news in an interesting way

41.
{{B}}Passage 1{{/B}}

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end--with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste." "Drink Root Beer." "Fill up with Pacific Gas." Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now !"
The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you’ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed--new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. (76){{U}}The bus driver has a style of driving and it’ s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. {{/U}}If the driver is particularly reckless or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story. Will the driver pass the truck in time Will the driver move into the right or the left-hand lane After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But: you’ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.
The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there’s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat, of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. (77) {{U}}By now you’ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the fight time. {{/U}}There are just no more ways to sit.
The writer of this passage would probably be in favor of

A.bus drivers who weren’t reckless
B.driving alone
C.a television set on the bus
D.no billboards along the road

42.{{B}}Passage 3{{/B}}

No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. There are almost 2,000 of them, as compared with 180 in Japan, 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. The quality of some American papers is extremely high and their views are quoted all over the world. Distinguished dailies like the Washington Post or the New York Times have a powerful influence all over the country. However, the Post and the Times are not national newspapers in the sense that The Times is in Britain or Le Monde is in France, since each American city has its own daily newspaper. The best of these present detailed accounts of national and international news, but many tend to limit themselves to state or cite news.
Like the press in most other countries, American newspapers range from the "sensational", which feature crime, sex and rumor, to the serious, which focus on factual news and the analysis of world events. But with few exceptions American newspapers try to entertain as well as give information, for they have to compete with television.
Just as American newspapers give way to all tastes, so do they also try and apply to readers for all political persuasions. (80) {{U}}A few newspapers support extremist groups on the far fight and on the far left, but most daily newspapers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate. {{/U}}Many of these papers print columns by well-known journalists of different political and social views, in order to present a balanced picture.
As in other democratic countries American newspapers can be either responsible or irresponsible, but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once bravely uncovered political scandals (丑闻) or crimes, for instance, the Watergate Affair. The newspapers drew the attention of the public to the fears of the Vietnam War.
Many American newspapers attract readers of different political tendency by ______.

A.supporting extremist groups from time to time
B.inviting middle-of-the-road Americans to write articles for them
C.avoiding carrying articles about extremists
D.printing articles representing different political viewpoints

43.{{B}}Passage 2{{/B}}

It was not much fun to travel on one of the old sailing ships. Life was hard for both passengers and crew. (78) {{U}}17th century sailing ships were small and rolled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick. {{/U}}
There were no toilets, and the spaces below deck where passengers had to stay during gales were often not more than 5 foot high. Water was scarce and the little water they got was brown and smelt terrible.
Food was a problem, too--there was only salted meat, ship’s biscuits and cheese, but the cheese was so hard that sailors often made buttons out of it for their jackets and trousers. There were no vegetables or fruit, so the people on board often fell ill.
The sailors, however, were a bit better off than the passengers. They each had a bottle of beer a day, and they needed. The work they had to do was hard and dangerous. (79) {{U}}Courage was needed, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sailors were swept overboard in a gale. {{/U}}Almost the worst thing about the voyages was the time they took up to 70 days for the journey across the Atlantic. Not surprisingly, everybody was overjoyed when they at last approached land and stepped ashore. But some ships never arrived.
Which of the following statements is true about food

A.Passengers had a lot of vegetables, but no fruit.
B.The sailors had four tins of beer a day.
C.The people on the ship often fell ill because of the lack of food.
D.The food for the passengers was more and better than that for the crew.

44.
{{B}}Passage 1{{/B}}

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end--with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste." "Drink Root Beer." "Fill up with Pacific Gas." Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now !"
The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you’ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed--new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. (76){{U}}The bus driver has a style of driving and it’ s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. {{/U}}If the driver is particularly reckless or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story. Will the driver pass the truck in time Will the driver move into the right or the left-hand lane After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But: you’ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.
The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there’s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat, of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. (77) {{U}}By now you’ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the fight time. {{/U}}There are just no more ways to sit.
The writer feels long bus rides are like TV shows because ______

A.the commercials both on TV shows and on billboards along the road are fun
B.they both have a beginning, a middle, and an end, with commercials in every three or four minutes
C.the drivers are always reckless on TV shows just as they are on buses
D.both traveling and watching TV are not exciting

45.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.need
B.want
C.absence
D.shortage

46.{{B}}Passage 3{{/B}}

No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. There are almost 2,000 of them, as compared with 180 in Japan, 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. The quality of some American papers is extremely high and their views are quoted all over the world. Distinguished dailies like the Washington Post or the New York Times have a powerful influence all over the country. However, the Post and the Times are not national newspapers in the sense that The Times is in Britain or Le Monde is in France, since each American city has its own daily newspaper. The best of these present detailed accounts of national and international news, but many tend to limit themselves to state or cite news.
Like the press in most other countries, American newspapers range from the "sensational", which feature crime, sex and rumor, to the serious, which focus on factual news and the analysis of world events. But with few exceptions American newspapers try to entertain as well as give information, for they have to compete with television.
Just as American newspapers give way to all tastes, so do they also try and apply to readers for all political persuasions. (80) {{U}}A few newspapers support extremist groups on the far fight and on the far left, but most daily newspapers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate. {{/U}}Many of these papers print columns by well-known journalists of different political and social views, in order to present a balanced picture.
As in other democratic countries American newspapers can be either responsible or irresponsible, but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once bravely uncovered political scandals (丑闻) or crimes, for instance, the Watergate Affair. The newspapers drew the attention of the public to the fears of the Vietnam War.
In this passage, the word "press" (Para.2) means ______.

A.a machine for printing
B.the business of printing
C.great force
D.newspapers

47.{{B}}Passage 2{{/B}}

It was not much fun to travel on one of the old sailing ships. Life was hard for both passengers and crew. (78) {{U}}17th century sailing ships were small and rolled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick. {{/U}}
There were no toilets, and the spaces below deck where passengers had to stay during gales were often not more than 5 foot high. Water was scarce and the little water they got was brown and smelt terrible.
Food was a problem, too--there was only salted meat, ship’s biscuits and cheese, but the cheese was so hard that sailors often made buttons out of it for their jackets and trousers. There were no vegetables or fruit, so the people on board often fell ill.
The sailors, however, were a bit better off than the passengers. They each had a bottle of beer a day, and they needed. The work they had to do was hard and dangerous. (79) {{U}}Courage was needed, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sailors were swept overboard in a gale. {{/U}}Almost the worst thing about the voyages was the time they took up to 70 days for the journey across the Atlantic. Not surprisingly, everybody was overjoyed when they at last approached land and stepped ashore. But some ships never arrived.
The working condition of the sailors was very hard.

A.They often had to set the sails in bad weather.
B.So they had less courage.
C.They were happy to be swept overboard in a strong wind.
D.A 70-day-journey across the Atlantic was their happiest thing.

48.
{{B}}Passage 1{{/B}}

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end--with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste." "Drink Root Beer." "Fill up with Pacific Gas." Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now !"
The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you’ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed--new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. (76){{U}}The bus driver has a style of driving and it’ s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. {{/U}}If the driver is particularly reckless or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story. Will the driver pass the truck in time Will the driver move into the right or the left-hand lane After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But: you’ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.
The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there’s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat, of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. (77) {{U}}By now you’ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the fight time. {{/U}}There are just no more ways to sit.
The writer thinks that the end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning because both are

A.exciting
B.comfortable
C.tiring
D.boring

49.{{B}}Passage 3{{/B}}

No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. There are almost 2,000 of them, as compared with 180 in Japan, 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. The quality of some American papers is extremely high and their views are quoted all over the world. Distinguished dailies like the Washington Post or the New York Times have a powerful influence all over the country. However, the Post and the Times are not national newspapers in the sense that The Times is in Britain or Le Monde is in France, since each American city has its own daily newspaper. The best of these present detailed accounts of national and international news, but many tend to limit themselves to state or cite news.
Like the press in most other countries, American newspapers range from the "sensational", which feature crime, sex and rumor, to the serious, which focus on factual news and the analysis of world events. But with few exceptions American newspapers try to entertain as well as give information, for they have to compete with television.
Just as American newspapers give way to all tastes, so do they also try and apply to readers for all political persuasions. (80) {{U}}A few newspapers support extremist groups on the far fight and on the far left, but most daily newspapers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate. {{/U}}Many of these papers print columns by well-known journalists of different political and social views, in order to present a balanced picture.
As in other democratic countries American newspapers can be either responsible or irresponsible, but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once bravely uncovered political scandals (丑闻) or crimes, for instance, the Watergate Affair. The newspapers drew the attention of the public to the fears of the Vietnam War.
The passage is mainly about

A.the characteristics of American newspapers
B.the development of American newspapers
C.the functions of American newspapers
D.the merits and shortcomings of American newspapers

50.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.so
B.much
C.too
D.enough

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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