易哈佛 \ 大学英语 \ 2019年福建大学英语考试模拟卷(8)

2019年福建大学英语考试模拟卷(8)

2019年福建大学英语考试模拟卷(8)

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.{{B}}Passage 2{{/B}}

It was not much fun to travel on one of the old sailing ships. Life was hard for both passengers and crew. (78) {{U}}17th century sailing ships were small and rolled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick. {{/U}}
There were no toilets, and the spaces below deck where passengers had to stay during gales were often not more than 5 foot high. Water was scarce and the little water they got was brown and smelt terrible.
Food was a problem, too--there was only salted meat, ship’s biscuits and cheese, but the cheese was so hard that sailors often made buttons out of it for their jackets and trousers. There were no vegetables or fruit, so the people on board often fell ill.
The sailors, however, were a bit better off than the passengers. They each had a bottle of beer a day, and they needed. The work they had to do was hard and dangerous. (79) {{U}}Courage was needed, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sailors were swept overboard in a gale. {{/U}}Almost the worst thing about the voyages was the time they took up to 70 days for the journey across the Atlantic. Not surprisingly, everybody was overjoyed when they at last approached land and stepped ashore. But some ships never arrived.
When the people saw the land, ______

A.only passengers were glad
B.the sailors had to swim ashore
C.they were surprised at the news that some ships never arrived
D.all of them were excited

2.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.being
B.getting
C.doing
D.remaining

3.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.One
B.Another
C.Only
D.Sole

4.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.quantity
B.whole
C.amount
D.number

5.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.for
B.in
C.of
D.about

6.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.easy
B.critical
C.difficult
D.tough

7.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.inclined
B.prevailed
C.persuaded
D.converted

8.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.bursting
B.explosion
C.raising
D.extension

9.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.takes
B.extension
C.makes
D.derives

10.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.upon
B.over
C.into
D.after

11.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.adjusted
B.created
C.adopted
D.presented

12.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.Of
B.Among
C.Between
D.Out of

13.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.prospects
B.examples
C.events
D.cases

14.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.evidence
B.answer
C.exception
D.incident

15.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.encouraged
B.approved
C.supported
D.promoted

16.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.rate
B.speed
C.frequency
D.ratio

17.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. In the {{U}} (56) {{/U}}30 years man will face a period of crisis. {{U}} (57) {{/U}}experts believe that there will be a widespread food{{U}} (58) {{/U}}Other experts think this is{{U}} (59) {{/U}}pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from{{U}} (60) {{/U}}worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nourished or starving now.
{{U}} (61) {{/U}}thing that man can do is to limit the{{U}} (62) {{/U}}of babies born. The need{{U}} (63) {{/U}}this is obvious, but it is not{{U}} (64) {{/U}}to achieve. People have to be{{U}} 65 {{/U}}to limit their families. In the countries of the population{{U}} (66) {{/U}}, many people like big families. The parents think that this{{U}} (67) {{/U}}a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look{{U}} (68) {{/U}}them in old age.
Several governments have{{U}} (69) {{/U}}birth control policies in recent years. {{U}} (70) {{/U}}them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some{{U}} (71) {{/U}}the results have not been successful. Japan has been an{{U}} (72) {{/U}}. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were{{U}} (73) {{/U}}to limit their families. The birth{{U}} (74) {{/U}}fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year{{U}} (75) {{/U}}present.

A.for
B.at
C.in
D.until

18.Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt. This occurs usually between the ages of 17 and 25. There remains a great deal of controversy regarding whether or not these teeth need to be removed. It is generally suggested that teeth that remain completely buried or un-erupted in a normal position are unlikely to cause harm. However, a tooth may become impacted due to lack of space and its eruption is therefore prevented by gum (齿龈), bone, another tooth or all three. If these impacted teeth are in an abnormal position, their potential for harm should be assessed. What are the Indications for Removing Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth generally cause problems when they erupt partially through the gum. The most common reasons for removing them are: Decay Saliva, bacteria and food particles can collect around an impacted wisdom tooth, causing it, or the next tooth to decay. It is very difficult to remove such decay. Pain and infection will usually follow. Gum Infection When a wisdom tooth is partially erupted, food and bacteria collect under the gum causing a local infection. This may result in bad bream, pain, and swelling. The infection can spread to involve the cheek and neck. Once the initial episode occurs, each subsequent attack becomes more frequent and more severe. Pressure Pain Pain may also come from the pressure of me erupting wisdom tooth against other teem. In some cases this pressure may cause the erosion of these teeth. When is the Best Time to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed It is now recommended by specialists mat impacted wisdom teeth be removed between the ages of 14 and 22 years whether they are causing problems or not Surgery is technically easier and patients recover much more quickly when they are younger. What is a relatively minor operation at 20 can become quite difficult in patients over 40. Also the risk of complications increases with age, and the healing process is slower. Should a Wisdom Tooth be Removed When an Acute Infection is Present Generally, no. Surgery in the presence of infection can cause infection to spread and become more serious. Firefly, the infection must be controlled by local oral hygiene (卫生) and antibiotics (抗生素). The Pro’’s and Con’’s of Wisdom Tooth Removal Some Pro’’s of Removing a Wisdom Tooth: Wisdom teeth may be hard to access with your toothbrush. Over time, the accumulation of bacteria, sugars and acids may cause a cavity to form in the tooth. If it is not restored with a filling, the cavity(洞) may spread and destroy more tooth structure causing severe consequences to the tooth and surrounding supportive structures. Due to the difficulty of keeping these teem clean with your daily home care, bacteria and food debris remaining on the wisdom teeth may present a foul smell-causing bad breath. A wisdom tooth that is still under the gums in a horizontal position (rather than a vertical position) may exert pressure to the surrounding teeth, causing crowding and crooked teeth. This also may occur if there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom tooth. This may warrant braces to repair the damage. Some Con’’s of Removing the Wisdom Teeth: Depending on the size shape and position of the tooth, removal can vary from a simple extraction to a more complex extraction. With a simple extraction, there is usually little swelling and/or bleeding. More complex extraction will require special treatment which may result in more bruising, swelling and bleeding. However, your dental professional will provide you with post treatment instructions to minimize these side effects. Following an extraction, a condition called "dry socket" may occur. If the blood clot (凝结) that formed in the extraction area becomes removed, it exposes the underlying bone. This condition is very painful, but resolves after a few days. It is preventable by following the post treatment instructions provided by your dental professional. The longer you wait and the older you get, there is the potential for more problems to occur. This is because as you get older, the bone surrounding the tooth becomes more dense, making the tooth more difficult to remove. The healing process may also be slower. Post Operative Care: Do Not Disturb the Wound In doing so you may invite irritation, infection and/or bleeding. Chew on die oppo site side for the first 24 hours. Do not Smoke for 12 Hours Smoking will promote bleeding and interfere with healing. Do Not Spit or Suck Through a Straw This will promote bleeding and may remove the blood clot, which could result in a dry socket. Control of Bleeding If the area is not closed with stitches, a pressure pack made of folded sterile (消毒的) gauze (纱布) pads will be placed over die socket. It is important that this pack stay in place to control bleeding and to encourage clot formation. The gauze is usually kept in place for 30 minutes. If the bleeding has not stopped once the

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

19.Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt. This occurs usually between the ages of 17 and 25. There remains a great deal of controversy regarding whether or not these teeth need to be removed. It is generally suggested that teeth that remain completely buried or un-erupted in a normal position are unlikely to cause harm. However, a tooth may become impacted due to lack of space and its eruption is therefore prevented by gum (齿龈), bone, another tooth or all three. If these impacted teeth are in an abnormal position, their potential for harm should be assessed. What are the Indications for Removing Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth generally cause problems when they erupt partially through the gum. The most common reasons for removing them are: Decay Saliva, bacteria and food particles can collect around an impacted wisdom tooth, causing it, or the next tooth to decay. It is very difficult to remove such decay. Pain and infection will usually follow. Gum Infection When a wisdom tooth is partially erupted, food and bacteria collect under the gum causing a local infection. This may result in bad bream, pain, and swelling. The infection can spread to involve the cheek and neck. Once the initial episode occurs, each subsequent attack becomes more frequent and more severe. Pressure Pain Pain may also come from the pressure of me erupting wisdom tooth against other teem. In some cases this pressure may cause the erosion of these teeth. When is the Best Time to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed It is now recommended by specialists mat impacted wisdom teeth be removed between the ages of 14 and 22 years whether they are causing problems or not Surgery is technically easier and patients recover much more quickly when they are younger. What is a relatively minor operation at 20 can become quite difficult in patients over 40. Also the risk of complications increases with age, and the healing process is slower. Should a Wisdom Tooth be Removed When an Acute Infection is Present Generally, no. Surgery in the presence of infection can cause infection to spread and become more serious. Firefly, the infection must be controlled by local oral hygiene (卫生) and antibiotics (抗生素). The Pro’’s and Con’’s of Wisdom Tooth Removal Some Pro’’s of Removing a Wisdom Tooth: Wisdom teeth may be hard to access with your toothbrush. Over time, the accumulation of bacteria, sugars and acids may cause a cavity to form in the tooth. If it is not restored with a filling, the cavity(洞) may spread and destroy more tooth structure causing severe consequences to the tooth and surrounding supportive structures. Due to the difficulty of keeping these teem clean with your daily home care, bacteria and food debris remaining on the wisdom teeth may present a foul smell-causing bad breath. A wisdom tooth that is still under the gums in a horizontal position (rather than a vertical position) may exert pressure to the surrounding teeth, causing crowding and crooked teeth. This also may occur if there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom tooth. This may warrant braces to repair the damage. Some Con’’s of Removing the Wisdom Teeth: Depending on the size shape and position of the tooth, removal can vary from a simple extraction to a more complex extraction. With a simple extraction, there is usually little swelling and/or bleeding. More complex extraction will require special treatment which may result in more bruising, swelling and bleeding. However, your dental professional will provide you with post treatment instructions to minimize these side effects. Following an extraction, a condition called "dry socket" may occur. If the blood clot (凝结) that formed in the extraction area becomes removed, it exposes the underlying bone. This condition is very painful, but resolves after a few days. It is preventable by following the post treatment instructions provided by your dental professional. The longer you wait and the older you get, there is the potential for more problems to occur. This is because as you get older, the bone surrounding the tooth becomes more dense, making the tooth more difficult to remove. The healing process may also be slower. Post Operative Care: Do Not Disturb the Wound In doing so you may invite irritation, infection and/or bleeding. Chew on die oppo site side for the first 24 hours. Do not Smoke for 12 Hours Smoking will promote bleeding and interfere with healing. Do Not Spit or Suck Through a Straw This will promote bleeding and may remove the blood clot, which could result in a dry socket. Control of Bleeding If the area is not closed with stitches, a pressure pack made of folded sterile (消毒的) gauze (纱布) pads will be placed over die socket. It is important that this pack stay in place to control bleeding and to encourage clot formation. The gauze is usually kept in place for 30 minutes. If the bleeding has not stopped once the

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

20.Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt. This occurs usually between the ages of 17 and 25. There remains a great deal of controversy regarding whether or not these teeth need to be removed. It is generally suggested that teeth that remain completely buried or un-erupted in a normal position are unlikely to cause harm. However, a tooth may become impacted due to lack of space and its eruption is therefore prevented by gum (齿龈), bone, another tooth or all three. If these impacted teeth are in an abnormal position, their potential for harm should be assessed. What are the Indications for Removing Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth generally cause problems when they erupt partially through the gum. The most common reasons for removing them are: Decay Saliva, bacteria and food particles can collect around an impacted wisdom tooth, causing it, or the next tooth to decay. It is very difficult to remove such decay. Pain and infection will usually follow. Gum Infection When a wisdom tooth is partially erupted, food and bacteria collect under the gum causing a local infection. This may result in bad bream, pain, and swelling. The infection can spread to involve the cheek and neck. Once the initial episode occurs, each subsequent attack becomes more frequent and more severe. Pressure Pain Pain may also come from the pressure of me erupting wisdom tooth against other teem. In some cases this pressure may cause the erosion of these teeth. When is the Best Time to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed It is now recommended by specialists mat impacted wisdom teeth be removed between the ages of 14 and 22 years whether they are causing problems or not Surgery is technically easier and patients recover much more quickly when they are younger. What is a relatively minor operation at 20 can become quite difficult in patients over 40. Also the risk of complications increases with age, and the healing process is slower. Should a Wisdom Tooth be Removed When an Acute Infection is Present Generally, no. Surgery in the presence of infection can cause infection to spread and become more serious. Firefly, the infection must be controlled by local oral hygiene (卫生) and antibiotics (抗生素). The Pro’’s and Con’’s of Wisdom Tooth Removal Some Pro’’s of Removing a Wisdom Tooth: Wisdom teeth may be hard to access with your toothbrush. Over time, the accumulation of bacteria, sugars and acids may cause a cavity to form in the tooth. If it is not restored with a filling, the cavity(洞) may spread and destroy more tooth structure causing severe consequences to the tooth and surrounding supportive structures. Due to the difficulty of keeping these teem clean with your daily home care, bacteria and food debris remaining on the wisdom teeth may present a foul smell-causing bad breath. A wisdom tooth that is still under the gums in a horizontal position (rather than a vertical position) may exert pressure to the surrounding teeth, causing crowding and crooked teeth. This also may occur if there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom tooth. This may warrant braces to repair the damage. Some Con’’s of Removing the Wisdom Teeth: Depending on the size shape and position of the tooth, removal can vary from a simple extraction to a more complex extraction. With a simple extraction, there is usually little swelling and/or bleeding. More complex extraction will require special treatment which may result in more bruising, swelling and bleeding. However, your dental professional will provide you with post treatment instructions to minimize these side effects. Following an extraction, a condition called "dry socket" may occur. If the blood clot (凝结) that formed in the extraction area becomes removed, it exposes the underlying bone. This condition is very painful, but resolves after a few days. It is preventable by following the post treatment instructions provided by your dental professional. The longer you wait and the older you get, there is the potential for more problems to occur. This is because as you get older, the bone surrounding the tooth becomes more dense, making the tooth more difficult to remove. The healing process may also be slower. Post Operative Care: Do Not Disturb the Wound In doing so you may invite irritation, infection and/or bleeding. Chew on die oppo site side for the first 24 hours. Do not Smoke for 12 Hours Smoking will promote bleeding and interfere with healing. Do Not Spit or Suck Through a Straw This will promote bleeding and may remove the blood clot, which could result in a dry socket. Control of Bleeding If the area is not closed with stitches, a pressure pack made of folded sterile (消毒的) gauze (纱布) pads will be placed over die socket. It is important that this pack stay in place to control bleeding and to encourage clot formation. The gauze is usually kept in place for 30 minutes. If the bleeding has not stopped once the

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

21.Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt. This occurs usually between the ages of 17 and 25. There remains a great deal of controversy regarding whether or not these teeth need to be removed. It is generally suggested that teeth that remain completely buried or un-erupted in a normal position are unlikely to cause harm. However, a tooth may become impacted due to lack of space and its eruption is therefore prevented by gum (齿龈), bone, another tooth or all three. If these impacted teeth are in an abnormal position, their potential for harm should be assessed. What are the Indications for Removing Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth generally cause problems when they erupt partially through the gum. The most common reasons for removing them are: Decay Saliva, bacteria and food particles can collect around an impacted wisdom tooth, causing it, or the next tooth to decay. It is very difficult to remove such decay. Pain and infection will usually follow. Gum Infection When a wisdom tooth is partially erupted, food and bacteria collect under the gum causing a local infection. This may result in bad bream, pain, and swelling. The infection can spread to involve the cheek and neck. Once the initial episode occurs, each subsequent attack becomes more frequent and more severe. Pressure Pain Pain may also come from the pressure of me erupting wisdom tooth against other teem. In some cases this pressure may cause the erosion of these teeth. When is the Best Time to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed It is now recommended by specialists mat impacted wisdom teeth be removed between the ages of 14 and 22 years whether they are causing problems or not Surgery is technically easier and patients recover much more quickly when they are younger. What is a relatively minor operation at 20 can become quite difficult in patients over 40. Also the risk of complications increases with age, and the healing process is slower. Should a Wisdom Tooth be Removed When an Acute Infection is Present Generally, no. Surgery in the presence of infection can cause infection to spread and become more serious. Firefly, the infection must be controlled by local oral hygiene (卫生) and antibiotics (抗生素). The Pro’’s and Con’’s of Wisdom Tooth Removal Some Pro’’s of Removing a Wisdom Tooth: Wisdom teeth may be hard to access with your toothbrush. Over time, the accumulation of bacteria, sugars and acids may cause a cavity to form in the tooth. If it is not restored with a filling, the cavity(洞) may spread and destroy more tooth structure causing severe consequences to the tooth and surrounding supportive structures. Due to the difficulty of keeping these teem clean with your daily home care, bacteria and food debris remaining on the wisdom teeth may present a foul smell-causing bad breath. A wisdom tooth that is still under the gums in a horizontal position (rather than a vertical position) may exert pressure to the surrounding teeth, causing crowding and crooked teeth. This also may occur if there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom tooth. This may warrant braces to repair the damage. Some Con’’s of Removing the Wisdom Teeth: Depending on the size shape and position of the tooth, removal can vary from a simple extraction to a more complex extraction. With a simple extraction, there is usually little swelling and/or bleeding. More complex extraction will require special treatment which may result in more bruising, swelling and bleeding. However, your dental professional will provide you with post treatment instructions to minimize these side effects. Following an extraction, a condition called "dry socket" may occur. If the blood clot (凝结) that formed in the extraction area becomes removed, it exposes the underlying bone. This condition is very painful, but resolves after a few days. It is preventable by following the post treatment instructions provided by your dental professional. The longer you wait and the older you get, there is the potential for more problems to occur. This is because as you get older, the bone surrounding the tooth becomes more dense, making the tooth more difficult to remove. The healing process may also be slower. Post Operative Care: Do Not Disturb the Wound In doing so you may invite irritation, infection and/or bleeding. Chew on die oppo site side for the first 24 hours. Do not Smoke for 12 Hours Smoking will promote bleeding and interfere with healing. Do Not Spit or Suck Through a Straw This will promote bleeding and may remove the blood clot, which could result in a dry socket. Control of Bleeding If the area is not closed with stitches, a pressure pack made of folded sterile (消毒的) gauze (纱布) pads will be placed over die socket. It is important that this pack stay in place to control bleeding and to encourage clot formation. The gauze is usually kept in place for 30 minutes. If the bleeding has not stopped once the

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

22.Demands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain sometimes hide the fact that similar needs are felt in the rest of Europe. Studies by the Council of Europe, of which 21 countries are members, have shown that 45 per cent of reptile(爬行的)species and 24 per cent of butterflies are in danger of dying out. European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr. Peter Baum, an expert in the environment and nature resources division of the council, When he spoke at a conference arranged by the administrators of a British national park. The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the council s diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality, and Dr. Baum had come to present it to the park once again. He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks, and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today. But Dr. Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in peace in their own right. No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as a tourist attraction, he went on. The shortsighted view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands fur out door recreation should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future. "We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems, on which any built-up area ultimately depends, "Dr. Baum went on, "We could manage without most industrial products, but we could not manage without nature. However, our natural environment areas, which are the original parts of our countryside, have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass." Recent studies by the Council of Europe show that _______.

A.it is only in Britain that wildlife needs more protection
B.certain species of reptiles and butterflies in Europe need protecting
C.there are fewer species of reptiles and butterflies in Europe than elsewhere
D.all species of wildlife in Europe are in danger of dying out

23.Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt. This occurs usually between the ages of 17 and 25. There remains a great deal of controversy regarding whether or not these teeth need to be removed. It is generally suggested that teeth that remain completely buried or un-erupted in a normal position are unlikely to cause harm. However, a tooth may become impacted due to lack of space and its eruption is therefore prevented by gum (齿龈), bone, another tooth or all three. If these impacted teeth are in an abnormal position, their potential for harm should be assessed. What are the Indications for Removing Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth generally cause problems when they erupt partially through the gum. The most common reasons for removing them are: Decay Saliva, bacteria and food particles can collect around an impacted wisdom tooth, causing it, or the next tooth to decay. It is very difficult to remove such decay. Pain and infection will usually follow. Gum Infection When a wisdom tooth is partially erupted, food and bacteria collect under the gum causing a local infection. This may result in bad bream, pain, and swelling. The infection can spread to involve the cheek and neck. Once the initial episode occurs, each subsequent attack becomes more frequent and more severe. Pressure Pain Pain may also come from the pressure of me erupting wisdom tooth against other teem. In some cases this pressure may cause the erosion of these teeth. When is the Best Time to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed It is now recommended by specialists mat impacted wisdom teeth be removed between the ages of 14 and 22 years whether they are causing problems or not Surgery is technically easier and patients recover much more quickly when they are younger. What is a relatively minor operation at 20 can become quite difficult in patients over 40. Also the risk of complications increases with age, and the healing process is slower. Should a Wisdom Tooth be Removed When an Acute Infection is Present Generally, no. Surgery in the presence of infection can cause infection to spread and become more serious. Firefly, the infection must be controlled by local oral hygiene (卫生) and antibiotics (抗生素). The Pro’’s and Con’’s of Wisdom Tooth Removal Some Pro’’s of Removing a Wisdom Tooth: Wisdom teeth may be hard to access with your toothbrush. Over time, the accumulation of bacteria, sugars and acids may cause a cavity to form in the tooth. If it is not restored with a filling, the cavity(洞) may spread and destroy more tooth structure causing severe consequences to the tooth and surrounding supportive structures. Due to the difficulty of keeping these teem clean with your daily home care, bacteria and food debris remaining on the wisdom teeth may present a foul smell-causing bad breath. A wisdom tooth that is still under the gums in a horizontal position (rather than a vertical position) may exert pressure to the surrounding teeth, causing crowding and crooked teeth. This also may occur if there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom tooth. This may warrant braces to repair the damage. Some Con’’s of Removing the Wisdom Teeth: Depending on the size shape and position of the tooth, removal can vary from a simple extraction to a more complex extraction. With a simple extraction, there is usually little swelling and/or bleeding. More complex extraction will require special treatment which may result in more bruising, swelling and bleeding. However, your dental professional will provide you with post treatment instructions to minimize these side effects. Following an extraction, a condition called "dry socket" may occur. If the blood clot (凝结) that formed in the extraction area becomes removed, it exposes the underlying bone. This condition is very painful, but resolves after a few days. It is preventable by following the post treatment instructions provided by your dental professional. The longer you wait and the older you get, there is the potential for more problems to occur. This is because as you get older, the bone surrounding the tooth becomes more dense, making the tooth more difficult to remove. The healing process may also be slower. Post Operative Care: Do Not Disturb the Wound In doing so you may invite irritation, infection and/or bleeding. Chew on die oppo site side for the first 24 hours. Do not Smoke for 12 Hours Smoking will promote bleeding and interfere with healing. Do Not Spit or Suck Through a Straw This will promote bleeding and may remove the blood clot, which could result in a dry socket. Control of Bleeding If the area is not closed with stitches, a pressure pack made of folded sterile (消毒的) gauze (纱布) pads will be placed over die socket. It is important that this pack stay in place to control bleeding and to encourage clot formation. The gauze is usually kept in place for 30 minutes. If the bleeding has not stopped once the

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

24.Demands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain sometimes hide the fact that similar needs are felt in the rest of Europe. Studies by the Council of Europe, of which 21 countries are members, have shown that 45 per cent of reptile(爬行的)species and 24 per cent of butterflies are in danger of dying out. European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr. Peter Baum, an expert in the environment and nature resources division of the council, When he spoke at a conference arranged by the administrators of a British national park. The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the council s diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality, and Dr. Baum had come to present it to the park once again. He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks, and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today. But Dr. Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in peace in their own right. No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as a tourist attraction, he went on. The shortsighted view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands fur out door recreation should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future. "We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems, on which any built-up area ultimately depends, "Dr. Baum went on, "We could manage without most industrial products, but we could not manage without nature. However, our natural environment areas, which are the original parts of our countryside, have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass." Dr. Baum, a representative of the Council, visited one particular British national park because _______.

A.he was presenting the park with a diploma for its achievements
B.he was concerned about how the park was being run
C.it was the only national park of its kind in Europe
D.it was the only park which had ever received a diploma from the Council

25.Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt. This occurs usually between the ages of 17 and 25. There remains a great deal of controversy regarding whether or not these teeth need to be removed. It is generally suggested that teeth that remain completely buried or un-erupted in a normal position are unlikely to cause harm. However, a tooth may become impacted due to lack of space and its eruption is therefore prevented by gum (齿龈), bone, another tooth or all three. If these impacted teeth are in an abnormal position, their potential for harm should be assessed. What are the Indications for Removing Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth generally cause problems when they erupt partially through the gum. The most common reasons for removing them are: Decay Saliva, bacteria and food particles can collect around an impacted wisdom tooth, causing it, or the next tooth to decay. It is very difficult to remove such decay. Pain and infection will usually follow. Gum Infection When a wisdom tooth is partially erupted, food and bacteria collect under the gum causing a local infection. This may result in bad bream, pain, and swelling. The infection can spread to involve the cheek and neck. Once the initial episode occurs, each subsequent attack becomes more frequent and more severe. Pressure Pain Pain may also come from the pressure of me erupting wisdom tooth against other teem. In some cases this pressure may cause the erosion of these teeth. When is the Best Time to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed It is now recommended by specialists mat impacted wisdom teeth be removed between the ages of 14 and 22 years whether they are causing problems or not Surgery is technically easier and patients recover much more quickly when they are younger. What is a relatively minor operation at 20 can become quite difficult in patients over 40. Also the risk of complications increases with age, and the healing process is slower. Should a Wisdom Tooth be Removed When an Acute Infection is Present Generally, no. Surgery in the presence of infection can cause infection to spread and become more serious. Firefly, the infection must be controlled by local oral hygiene (卫生) and antibiotics (抗生素). The Pro’’s and Con’’s of Wisdom Tooth Removal Some Pro’’s of Removing a Wisdom Tooth: Wisdom teeth may be hard to access with your toothbrush. Over time, the accumulation of bacteria, sugars and acids may cause a cavity to form in the tooth. If it is not restored with a filling, the cavity(洞) may spread and destroy more tooth structure causing severe consequences to the tooth and surrounding supportive structures. Due to the difficulty of keeping these teem clean with your daily home care, bacteria and food debris remaining on the wisdom teeth may present a foul smell-causing bad breath. A wisdom tooth that is still under the gums in a horizontal position (rather than a vertical position) may exert pressure to the surrounding teeth, causing crowding and crooked teeth. This also may occur if there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom tooth. This may warrant braces to repair the damage. Some Con’’s of Removing the Wisdom Teeth: Depending on the size shape and position of the tooth, removal can vary from a simple extraction to a more complex extraction. With a simple extraction, there is usually little swelling and/or bleeding. More complex extraction will require special treatment which may result in more bruising, swelling and bleeding. However, your dental professional will provide you with post treatment instructions to minimize these side effects. Following an extraction, a condition called "dry socket" may occur. If the blood clot (凝结) that formed in the extraction area becomes removed, it exposes the underlying bone. This condition is very painful, but resolves after a few days. It is preventable by following the post treatment instructions provided by your dental professional. The longer you wait and the older you get, there is the potential for more problems to occur. This is because as you get older, the bone surrounding the tooth becomes more dense, making the tooth more difficult to remove. The healing process may also be slower. Post Operative Care: Do Not Disturb the Wound In doing so you may invite irritation, infection and/or bleeding. Chew on die oppo site side for the first 24 hours. Do not Smoke for 12 Hours Smoking will promote bleeding and interfere with healing. Do Not Spit or Suck Through a Straw This will promote bleeding and may remove the blood clot, which could result in a dry socket. Control of Bleeding If the area is not closed with stitches, a pressure pack made of folded sterile (消毒的) gauze (纱布) pads will be placed over die socket. It is important that this pack stay in place to control bleeding and to encourage clot formation. The gauze is usually kept in place for 30 minutes. If the bleeding has not stopped once the

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

26.Some people believe that international sports create goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused principally by minor national contests. One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation after the hockey (曲棍球) final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the loser’’s objection to the final decisions. They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents’’ victory was unfair. Their manager was in rage when he said, "This wasn’’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished." The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension of the team for at least three years. The American basketball team announced that they would not yield first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player popped it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. An appeal jury debated the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals. Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism. According to the author, recent Olympic Games have __________.

A.created goodwill between the nations
B.bred only false national pride
C.barely showed any international friendship
D.led to more and more misunderstanding and hatred

27.Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt. This occurs usually between the ages of 17 and 25. There remains a great deal of controversy regarding whether or not these teeth need to be removed. It is generally suggested that teeth that remain completely buried or un-erupted in a normal position are unlikely to cause harm. However, a tooth may become impacted due to lack of space and its eruption is therefore prevented by gum (齿龈), bone, another tooth or all three. If these impacted teeth are in an abnormal position, their potential for harm should be assessed. What are the Indications for Removing Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth generally cause problems when they erupt partially through the gum. The most common reasons for removing them are: Decay Saliva, bacteria and food particles can collect around an impacted wisdom tooth, causing it, or the next tooth to decay. It is very difficult to remove such decay. Pain and infection will usually follow. Gum Infection When a wisdom tooth is partially erupted, food and bacteria collect under the gum causing a local infection. This may result in bad bream, pain, and swelling. The infection can spread to involve the cheek and neck. Once the initial episode occurs, each subsequent attack becomes more frequent and more severe. Pressure Pain Pain may also come from the pressure of me erupting wisdom tooth against other teem. In some cases this pressure may cause the erosion of these teeth. When is the Best Time to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed It is now recommended by specialists mat impacted wisdom teeth be removed between the ages of 14 and 22 years whether they are causing problems or not Surgery is technically easier and patients recover much more quickly when they are younger. What is a relatively minor operation at 20 can become quite difficult in patients over 40. Also the risk of complications increases with age, and the healing process is slower. Should a Wisdom Tooth be Removed When an Acute Infection is Present Generally, no. Surgery in the presence of infection can cause infection to spread and become more serious. Firefly, the infection must be controlled by local oral hygiene (卫生) and antibiotics (抗生素). The Pro’’s and Con’’s of Wisdom Tooth Removal Some Pro’’s of Removing a Wisdom Tooth: Wisdom teeth may be hard to access with your toothbrush. Over time, the accumulation of bacteria, sugars and acids may cause a cavity to form in the tooth. If it is not restored with a filling, the cavity(洞) may spread and destroy more tooth structure causing severe consequences to the tooth and surrounding supportive structures. Due to the difficulty of keeping these teem clean with your daily home care, bacteria and food debris remaining on the wisdom teeth may present a foul smell-causing bad breath. A wisdom tooth that is still under the gums in a horizontal position (rather than a vertical position) may exert pressure to the surrounding teeth, causing crowding and crooked teeth. This also may occur if there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom tooth. This may warrant braces to repair the damage. Some Con’’s of Removing the Wisdom Teeth: Depending on the size shape and position of the tooth, removal can vary from a simple extraction to a more complex extraction. With a simple extraction, there is usually little swelling and/or bleeding. More complex extraction will require special treatment which may result in more bruising, swelling and bleeding. However, your dental professional will provide you with post treatment instructions to minimize these side effects. Following an extraction, a condition called "dry socket" may occur. If the blood clot (凝结) that formed in the extraction area becomes removed, it exposes the underlying bone. This condition is very painful, but resolves after a few days. It is preventable by following the post treatment instructions provided by your dental professional. The longer you wait and the older you get, there is the potential for more problems to occur. This is because as you get older, the bone surrounding the tooth becomes more dense, making the tooth more difficult to remove. The healing process may also be slower. Post Operative Care: Do Not Disturb the Wound In doing so you may invite irritation, infection and/or bleeding. Chew on die oppo site side for the first 24 hours. Do not Smoke for 12 Hours Smoking will promote bleeding and interfere with healing. Do Not Spit or Suck Through a Straw This will promote bleeding and may remove the blood clot, which could result in a dry socket. Control of Bleeding If the area is not closed with stitches, a pressure pack made of folded sterile (消毒的) gauze (纱布) pads will be placed over die socket. It is important that this pack stay in place to control bleeding and to encourage clot formation. The gauze is usually kept in place for 30 minutes. If the bleeding has not stopped once the

A.Y
B.N
C.NG

28.Demands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain sometimes hide the fact that similar needs are felt in the rest of Europe. Studies by the Council of Europe, of which 21 countries are members, have shown that 45 per cent of reptile(爬行的)species and 24 per cent of butterflies are in danger of dying out. European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr. Peter Baum, an expert in the environment and nature resources division of the council, When he spoke at a conference arranged by the administrators of a British national park. The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the council s diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality, and Dr. Baum had come to present it to the park once again. He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks, and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today. But Dr. Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in peace in their own right. No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as a tourist attraction, he went on. The shortsighted view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands fur out door recreation should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future. "We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems, on which any built-up area ultimately depends, "Dr. Baum went on, "We could manage without most industrial products, but we could not manage without nature. However, our natural environment areas, which are the original parts of our countryside, have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass." Although it is difficult nowadays to convince the public of the importance of nature reserves, Dr. Baum felt that _______.

A.people would support moves to create more environment areas
B.certain areas of countryside should be left undisturbed by man
C.existing national parks would need to be more independent to survive
D.people would carry on supporting those national parks in existence

29.Some people believe that international sports create goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused principally by minor national contests. One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation after the hockey (曲棍球) final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the loser’’s objection to the final decisions. They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents’’ victory was unfair. Their manager was in rage when he said, "This wasn’’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished." The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension of the team for at least three years. The American basketball team announced that they would not yield first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player popped it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. An appeal jury debated the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals. Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism. What did the manager mean by saying "... Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished"

A.His team would no longer take part in international games.
B.Hockey and the Federation are both ruined by the unfair decisions.
C.There should be no more hockey matches organized by the Federation.
D.The Federation should be dissolved.

30.Demands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain sometimes hide the fact that similar needs are felt in the rest of Europe. Studies by the Council of Europe, of which 21 countries are members, have shown that 45 per cent of reptile(爬行的)species and 24 per cent of butterflies are in danger of dying out. European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr. Peter Baum, an expert in the environment and nature resources division of the council, When he spoke at a conference arranged by the administrators of a British national park. The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the council s diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality, and Dr. Baum had come to present it to the park once again. He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks, and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today. But Dr. Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in peace in their own right. No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as a tourist attraction, he went on. The shortsighted view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands fur out door recreation should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future. "We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems, on which any built-up area ultimately depends, "Dr. Baum went on, "We could manage without most industrial products, but we could not manage without nature. However, our natural environment areas, which are the original parts of our countryside, have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass." In Dr. Baum’’s opinion, a true nature reserve should _______.

A.be far away from urban-crowdedness
B.prevent whatever tourists to visit
C.be regarded as a place where nature is protected
D.provide buildings for human activities

31.Some people believe that international sports create goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused principally by minor national contests. One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation after the hockey (曲棍球) final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the loser’’s objection to the final decisions. They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents’’ victory was unfair. Their manager was in rage when he said, "This wasn’’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished." The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension of the team for at least three years. The American basketball team announced that they would not yield first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player popped it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. An appeal jury debated the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals. Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism. The basketball example implied that__________.

A.too much patriotism was displayed
B.the announcement to prolong the match was wrong
C.the appeal jury was too hesitant in making the decision
D.the American team was right in rejecting the silver medals

32.Demands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain sometimes hide the fact that similar needs are felt in the rest of Europe. Studies by the Council of Europe, of which 21 countries are members, have shown that 45 per cent of reptile(爬行的)species and 24 per cent of butterflies are in danger of dying out. European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr. Peter Baum, an expert in the environment and nature resources division of the council, When he spoke at a conference arranged by the administrators of a British national park. The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the council s diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality, and Dr. Baum had come to present it to the park once again. He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks, and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today. But Dr. Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in peace in their own right. No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as a tourist attraction, he went on. The shortsighted view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands fur out door recreation should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future. "We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems, on which any built-up area ultimately depends, "Dr. Baum went on, "We could manage without most industrial products, but we could not manage without nature. However, our natural environment areas, which are the original parts of our countryside, have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass." Although we all depend on the resources of nature for our survival, _______.

A.industrial products are replacing all our natural resources
B.it is only on islands that nature survives
C.we have forgotten what our original countryside looked like
D.we have allowed large areas of countryside to be spoilt by industrial development

33.Some people believe that international sports create goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused principally by minor national contests. One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation after the hockey (曲棍球) final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the loser’’s objection to the final decisions. They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents’’ victory was unfair. Their manager was in rage when he said, "This wasn’’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished." The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension of the team for at least three years. The American basketball team announced that they would not yield first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player popped it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. An appeal jury debated the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals. Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism. The author gives the two examples in paragraph 2 and 3 to show __________.

A.how false national pride led to undesirable incidents in international games
B.that sportsmen have been more obedient than they used to be
C.that competitiveness in the games discourages international friendship
D.that unfair decisions are common in Olympic Games

34.Some people believe that international sports create goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused principally by minor national contests. One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation after the hockey (曲棍球) final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the loser’’s objection to the final decisions. They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents’’ victory was unfair. Their manager was in rage when he said, "This wasn’’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished." The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension of the team for at least three years. The American basketball team announced that they would not yield first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player popped it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. An appeal jury debated the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals. Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage

A.The organization for the Olympic Games must be improved.
B.Athletes should compete as individuals in the Olympic Games.
C.Sport should be played competitively rather than for the love of the game.
D.International contests are liable for misunderstanding between nations.

40.

{{B}}Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.$9.
B.$18.
C.$12.
D.$36.

41.

{{B}}Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.To his home.
B.To her home.
C.To go to the picnic.
D.To go shopping.

42.

{{B}}Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.Take the medicine as she was directed to do.
B.Schedule another appointment with her doctor.
C.Stop taking the medicine.
D.Rest her back for a few days.

43.

{{B}}Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.It plans to send a probe to explore the moon.
B.It’s NASA’s most expensive project so far.
C.It’s an ambitious project.
D.It’s involved in the construction of the American space station.

44.

{{B}}Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.They bought the motorbike.
B.They had no timer
C.They didn’t want a refrigerator.
D.There’s nothing wrong with the old one.

45.

{{B}}Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.It’s a concert.
B.It’s a circus.
C.It’s a game.
D.It’s a movie.

46.

{{B}}Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.Philip has not been to this part of the library before.
B.It was very quiet in the library.
C.Philip fell off the ladder and made a loud noise.
D.The librarian was very kind to readers.

47.

{{B}}Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.25 million.
B.100 million.
C.50 million.
D.75 million.

48.

{{B}}Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.A big noise.
B.A strange noise.
C.A stranger’s noise.
D.A child’s noise.

49.

{{B}}Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.Romantic lighting.
B.Fantastic music.
C.Amazing costumes.
D.Animal performers.

50.

{{B}}Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.{{/B}}

A.The construction of the American space station.
B.Budget problems.
C.Delays.
D.Technical difficulties.

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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