易哈佛 \ 大学英语 \ 2019年浙江大学英语考试真题卷

2019年浙江大学英语考试真题卷

2019年浙江大学英语考试真题卷

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.


The tourist trade is booming. With all this coming and going, you’d expect greater understanding to develop between the nations of the world. Not a bit of it! Superb systems of communication by air, sea and land make it possible for us to visit each other’s countries at a moderate cost. What Was once the grand tour, reserved for only the very rich, is now within everybody’s grasp The package tour and chartered flights are not to be sneered at. Modem travelers enjoy a level of comfort which the lords and ladies on grand tours in the old days couldn’t have dreamed of. But what’s the sense of this mass exchange of populations if the nations of the world remain basically ignorant of each other
Many tourist organizations are directly responsible for this state of affairs. They deliberately set out to protect their clients from too much contact with the local population. The modem tourist leads a cosseted, sheltered life. He lives at international hotels, where he eats his international food and sips his international drink while he gazes at the natives from a distance. Conducted tours to places of interest are carefully censored. The tourist is allowed to see only what the organizers want him to see and no more. A strict schedule makes it impossible for the tourist to wander off on his own; and anyway, language is always a barrier, so he is only too happy to be protected in this way. At its very worst, this leads to a new and hideous kind of colonization. The summer quarters of the inhabitants of the cite universitaire: are temporarily reestablished on the island of Corfu. Blackpoll is recreated at Torremolinos where the traveler goes not to eat paella, but fish and chips.
The sad thing about this situation is that it leads to the persistence of national stereotypes. We don’t see the people of other nations as they really are, but as we have been brought up to believe they are. You can test this for yourself. Take five nationalities, say, French, German, English, American and Italian. Now in your mind, match them with these five adjectives: musical, amorous, cold, pedantic, native. Far from providing us with any insight into the national characteristics of the peoples just mentioned, these adjectives actually act as barriers. So when you set out on your travels, the only characteristics you notice are those which confirm your preconceptions. You come away with the highly unoriginal and inaccurate impression that, say, Anglo-Saxons are hypocrites of that Latin peoples shout a lot. You only have to make a few foreign friends to understand how absurd and harmful national stereotypes are. But how can you make foreign friends when the tourist trade does its best to prevent you Carried to an extreme, stereotypes can be positively dangerous. Wild generalizations stir up racial hatred and blind us to the basic fact—how trite it sounds! That all people are human. We are all similar to each other and at the same time all unique.
The purpose of the author’s criticism is to point out ______.

A.conducted tour is disappointing
B.the way of touring should be changed
C.when traveling, you notice characteristics which confirm preconception
D.national stereotypes should be changed

6.What will the woman do tomorrow.()

A.See a play.
B.Be present at a meeting.
C.Work in the City Hall.
D.Have a talk with her boss.

8.What does the women mean.()

A.She thinks the man will be too careless.
B.She believes the man will succeed.
C.She feels the man will get very nervous.
D.She thinks the man will succeed if he is not careful.

9.How far is the museum.()

A.It’s within walking distance.
B.It’s beyond walking distance.
C.It’s too far for the man to walk there.
D.It’s so far that the man has to take Bus 5.

10.Who are the two speakers.()

A.Teacher and student.
B.Boss and employee.
C.Strangers.
D.Friends.

11.What does the woman think of the job.()

A.She is not interested in it.
B.She is likely to take it.
C.She asks the man to take it.
D.She thinks it unfit for the man.

12.Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. What is the woman’s attitude toward the man’s joining the school football team

A.The man should give up.
B.The man should join by all means.
C.The man should make sure he is healthy enough before joining.
D.It can’t be determined from the conversation.

13.Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. What problem does the man have

A.He doesn’t want to pay the late fee.
B.He was given incorrect information.
C.He can’t afford to pay his tuition.
D.He didn’t pass his math class last semester.

14.Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. Why does the man have to go to the office twice

A.The director couldn’t give him an appointment right away.
B.The office was closed the first time he went.
C.The computer was out of service the first time he was there.
D.He did not have acceptable identification with him on his first visit.

18.Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. What does the woman imply when she tells the man "Don’t get your hopes up"

A.The director probably isn’t able to make an exception.
B.The director probably won’t see him.
C.The director usually isn’t very helpful.
D.Part-time students aren’t the director’s responsibility.

20.Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. What problem does the man have with the introductory poetry class

A.The class meets during his working hours.
B.The class is too far away.
C.He has another class at the same time.
D.He’s already familiar with the material.

21.Questions 11 to 14 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. The target of the voucher programs is

A.to improve American education.
B.to cause competition among schools.
C.to support children in poor families.
D.to support disabled children.

22.Questions 21 to 23 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. The announcement of the ceasefire has been delayed because

A.Hamas has not agreed to stop attack against Israel.
B.Israeli troops have not withdrawn from parts of the Gaza Strip and Bethlehem.
C.the Islamic Jihad has not agreed to join the agreement.
D.there has been some disagreement over the wording of the ceasefire.

23.Questions 15 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. What’s the difference between the Asian elephant and the African elephant

A.The Asian elephant is easier to tame.
B.The Asian elephant’s skin is more valuable.
C.The Asian elephant is less popular with tourists.
D.The Asian elephant produces ivory of a better quality.

24.Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. What does the passage tell us about American rivers

A.One sixth of them are seriously polluted.
B.One third of them are seriously polluted.
C.Half of them are seriously polluted.
D.Most of them are seriously polluted.

25. Question 28 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news.

A.it would threat talks over Iran’s nuclear issue.
B.European Union will compromise.
C.talks over Iran’s nuclear issue would not be carried out.
D.Britain would hand in a formal offer in the talks.

27.Questions 26 and 27 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. Russia’s oil industry has done the following EXCEPT

A.having settled the country’s finance problem.
B.having increased the country’s revenues.
C.having paid more tax.
D.having taken the place of other industries.

28.Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation. Why doesn’t the man want to change his work schedule

A.All the other work schedules conflict with his classes.
B.He doesn’t want to ask his boss for another favor.
C.He wants to work the same schedule as his friends.
D.He likes to do his homework in the evenings.

31.Questions 15 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. Where does most knowledge of Asian elephant come from

A.From the captured or tamed elephants.
B.From the British wildlife protection group.
C.From elephant hunters in Thailand and Burma.
D.From tourists visiting the Thai-Burmese border.

33.Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. What did the students find when they came to the river this year

A.There was no garbage left to clean up.
B.There was more garbage than before and they had to work harder.
C.The river had become so clean that a lot of water birds came back.
D.The river was much cleaner and they had to search for garbage.

34.Questions 24 and 25 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. Which of the following is INCORRECT

A.Hong Kong is waiting for a new visitor.
B.The red fire ants are native to South America.
C.The supply of tangerine may be affected by the infestation of red fire ants.
D.Chinese customs officers will take measures to control the spread of the insects.

37.A leading climate change scientist says the warming of the planet would have a devastating impact on the poor and the hungry. The chairman of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel (31) Climate Change, Rajendra Pachauri, says the (32) of climate change will be mainly felt in the areas of health and agriculture. He says it is the poor (33) would suffer the most from the change. He says heat waves in different parts of the world are making people ill and (34) many deaths. He says the situation is (35) bad in poor countries that do not have the infrastructure or necessary means to (36) people from extreme heat. (37) the agricultural effects of climate change, Pachauri says a great many people are (38) on rain-fed agriculture. Climate change would lead to an increase in precipitation ( 降水 ) in temperate areas, ( 39 ) a decrease in tropical and sub-tropical areas, where most of the people on Earth live. Those who depend on agriculture for their (40) , he says, would be (41) affected by the decrease. "At the global level, with the decline in agricultural (42) , in the largest countries of the world or the most (43) countries of the world, we will find that food stocks will (44) ," Pachauri said. "And, as a matter of fact, that has already started happening. The result of that will be a(n) (45) in food prices. Now, (46) in turn, hits the poorest of the poor very badly. "As countermeasures, the farmers will have to (47) measures such as the more (48) use of water resources and new strains of crops that can (49) higher temperatures and lower (50) of water will have to be developed.

A.about
B.on
C.with
D.for

38.Questions 29 and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news. Which of the following statements best describes the situation of the second bomb

A.The bomb attacked a subway with over twenty people killed.
B.Broken pieces of a tunnel wall were thrown.
C.The roof of a bus was blown down.
D.The bomb attacked a train in the financial district.

40.Questions 15 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. What’s the major cause in the decline of Asian elephants

A.The taming for circuses and zoos.
B.The destruction of their natural homes.
C.Man’s lack of knowledge about their behavior.
D.The greater vulnerability to extinction than other species.

42.Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. What is the expected reaction of the local people to the students’ efforts

A.They would be indifferent and keep on throwing garbage into the river.
B.They would join the students in changing the situation.
C.They would become more aware of the pollution problem.
D.They would think twice before they went swimming or fishing in the river.

43.Questions 11 to 14 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the objection to vouchers

A.Government shouldn’t separate public and private schools.
B.Religious schools can not use public money.
C.Lack of money causes children not to attend public schools.
D.Children’s choice of schools depends on the money offered to the school.

44.Increasing numbers of parents in the U.S. are choosing to teach their kids at home. In fact, the U. S. Department of Education estimated that, in 1999, around 850,000 children were being homeschooled. Some educational experts say the real figure is about double this estimate, and the ranks of homeschooled children appear to grow at a rate about 11 percent annually. At one time, there was a stigma associated with homeschooling. It was traditionally used for students who could not attend school because of behavioral or learning difficulties. Today, however, more parents are taking on the responsibility of educating their children at home due to dissatisfaction with the educational system. Many parents are unhappy about class size, as well as problems inside the classroom. Teacher shortages and lack of funding mean that, in many schools, one teacher is responsible for thirty or forty pupils. The result is often that children are deprived of the attention they need. Escalating classroom violence has also motivated some parents to remove their children from school. Critics of homeschooling say that children who are not in the classroom miss out on learning important social skills because they have little interaction with their peers. Several studies, though, have shown that the home-educated appear to do just as well in terms of social and emotional development as other students, having spent more time in the comfort and security of their home, with guidance from parents who care about their welfare. In spite of this, many critics of homeschooling have raised concerns about the ability of parents to teach their kids effectively. Many parents whose homeschool have no teacher training and are not competent educators of all the subjects taught in schools. In terms of academic achievement, however, homeschooled children do just as well as those who have been in the classroom and many walk the campuses of Harvard and Stanford alongside the conventionally-educated. With an increasing number of disgruntled parents taking their children out of class, schools are receiving less money in per pupil funding. Some see this as a threat to the system, and argue that schools will never be able to improve their situation and restore parents’ confidence in the educational system. Many schools have opened their doors to homeschoolers on a part-time basis, allowing these children to attend classes once or twice a week, or take part in extra-curricular activities such as playing football or taking ballet lessons. While parents will not completely put their confidence back into the system, many of them have reached a compromise that allows their children the extra benefits of peer interaction and access to a wider choice of activities. Whatever the arguments for or against it, homeschooling in the U.S. has become a multimillion dollar industry, and it is growing. There are now websites, support groups, and conventions that help parents assert their rights and enable them to learn more about educating their children. Though once the last resort for troubled children, homeschooling today is an accepted alternative to an educational system that some believe is failing. What is the reason that more parents are taking on the responsibility of educating their children at home

A.Teacher shortages and lack of funding.
B.Escalating classroom violence.
C.Large class and problems inside the classroom.
D.Dissatisfaction with the educational system.

45.Hollywood racked up another "record" year at the box office. But the higher ticket sales mask fundamental issues in the U. S. movie industry, where the so-called blockbuster strategy is causing movies to open with big tallies that fall off faster than in previous years. Movie ticket sales reached an estimated 8.35 billion in 2001, up 8.4% from 7.7 billion in 2000, the largest gain since 1998. Moreover, the number of tickets sold — a more reliable indicator — rose to an estimated 1.49 billion, according to box-office tracking firm Exhibitor Relations Co. The strong sales were aided by the post-Christmas, pre-New Year weekend. Although many observers thought people would stay away from the theaters after the 9•11, the numbers have been up 5% industry-wide since then from year earlier levels. Those positive trends, however, gloss over deeper problems facing the Hollywood studios and movie theater chains, where real audience growth has been marginal. Box-office totals have nearly tripled during the past decade, while the number of tickets sold has risen 30%, indicating the box-office record is driven by higher ticket prices, not increase in movie attendance. A more dangerous development, at least for theater operators, has been the trend toward movies opening to large box-office figures during the first weekend and then quickly trailing off. Theater operators earn most of the money from movies playing in their theaters after the second week. Studios, in contrast, collect the majority of a movie’s ticket receipts the first week. But, for the Hollywood studios that distribute the bulk of the movies seen by the public, the blockbuster strategy of putting as many marketable high profile movies into theaters as possible will continue in 2002 "I call it the year of the sequel," says Paul, a box-office analyst, noting the coming year’s lineup includes Men in Black 2, Stuart Little 2, Spy Kids 2, second installments for Harry Potter and Lord of the Ring. "Studios are playing it safe," he says. Such hyper-marketed movies can open big at box office, but they don’t tend to hold up in subsequent weeks, as the core movie-going audience — teenagers and adults in their 20s flock to the next "big" movie. Some of last year’s largest openers, such as Planet of the Apes, The Mummy Return and Jurassic Park saw their box-office number plunge by 50% or more the second weekend. One possible outcome is that the decades-old relationship between studios and theaters will undergo changes. If the studios persist in pushing "blockbuster" movies, then the traditional system of the studios taking a larger share of the box-office receipts in the first weeks could be revised to something more equitable. Studios, however, would be expected to fight any effort to revamp the current system. The theater operators are facing perilous problems EXCEPT

A.the number of the audience is getting smaller year after year.
B.the studios gain most of the ticket receipts while the theater operators gain less.
C.after the second week, the audiences nearly have little interest in the so-called "big" movies.
D.the box office figures usually fall off rapidly after the first weekend.

46.A leading climate change scientist says the warming of the planet would have a devastating impact on the poor and the hungry. The chairman of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel (31) Climate Change, Rajendra Pachauri, says the (32) of climate change will be mainly felt in the areas of health and agriculture. He says it is the poor (33) would suffer the most from the change. He says heat waves in different parts of the world are making people ill and (34) many deaths. He says the situation is (35) bad in poor countries that do not have the infrastructure or necessary means to (36) people from extreme heat. (37) the agricultural effects of climate change, Pachauri says a great many people are (38) on rain-fed agriculture. Climate change would lead to an increase in precipitation ( 降水 ) in temperate areas, ( 39 ) a decrease in tropical and sub-tropical areas, where most of the people on Earth live. Those who depend on agriculture for their (40) , he says, would be (41) affected by the decrease. "At the global level, with the decline in agricultural (42) , in the largest countries of the world or the most (43) countries of the world, we will find that food stocks will (44) ," Pachauri said. "And, as a matter of fact, that has already started happening. The result of that will be a(n) (45) in food prices. Now, (46) in turn, hits the poorest of the poor very badly. "As countermeasures, the farmers will have to (47) measures such as the more (48) use of water resources and new strains of crops that can (49) higher temperatures and lower (50) of water will have to be developed.

A.influences
B.outcomes
C.consequences
D.effects

47.Stress is a word commonly found in today’s vocabulary, and is often used to describe modern working and living patterns, especially in big cities. Yet stress has been a part of daily life since time immemorial. Thus it would be more pertinent to define stress as the way in which the human body deals with all kinds of threatening situations, from confrontations with wild, vicious animals, to struggling through a crowded subway station during the early-morning rush hour: the effects on the body being universal. When confronted with a stressful situation the body reacts by releasing a hormone known as ACTH from the posterior pituitary gland situated at the base of the brain. The hormone, traveling through the network of arteries that make up the primary blood supply route, reaches the kidneys, or more specifically, glands situated on the peripheries, where it stimulates the release of adrenaline. This has an antagonistic effect on various bodily functions. That is to say it stimulates a response in certain organs, whilst inhibiting action in others. In other words a type of trade-off is reached, whereby energy saved by shutting down one function is thus used to enhance the performance of a neighbor. In this way, the body can prepare itself fully for the oncoming danger by using, primarily, the same given amount of energy, giving rise to what is known as the fight or flight response. When the fight or flight response is activated, with the release of adrenaline, blood is directed away from non-vital functions such as the skin and digestion, and redirected to the essential organs such as the brain to facilitate thought, the large muscle groups to facilitate speed, and the lungs to increase the amount of oxygen uptake into the bloodstream, whilst the heart beats faster to pump the blood round the body at an increased rate of speed, and raising the blood pressure. Once the stressful situation has passed the opposite occurs, resulting in what is known as the sympathetic rebound. The heart slows down and blood is redirected away from the lungs, brain and muscles, flowing, once more, to every part of the body, whilst digestion resumes. It is, however, the sympathetic rebound, or more specifically, the effects of the sympathetic rebound that lead to the myriad of modern stress-related diseases. Stress, in fact, has been linked to many more common diseases, such as cancer and even the common cold. The reason for this is that during the fight or flight response the body’s immune system that fights disease is also shut down, leaving the person more vulnerable to illness, and is, indeed, one of the commonest forms of stress-related problems. Unfortunately, however, modern life is packed full of stressful situations, and costs industry, thus the economy, millions of dollars each year in lost revenue. Traveling to work in the morning, meeting tight deadlines whilst at work, studying to further one’s qualifications, paying the mortgage or children’s school fees are but a few. Thus, it transpires that stress is a modern day epidemic that urgently needs addressing. The word "pertinent" in Line 3, Para. 1 can be replaced by

A.positive.
B.negative.
C.appositive.
D.appreciable.

48.Chris Baildon, tall and lean, was in his early thirties, and the end product of an old decayed island family. Chris shared the too large house with his father, an arthritic and difficult man, and a wasp-tongued aunt, whose complaints ended only when she slept. The father and his sister, Chris’s Aunt Agatha, engaged in shrill-voiced arguments over nothing. The continuous exchanges further confused their foolish wits, and yet held off an unendurable loneliness. They held a common grievance against Chris, openly holding him to blame for their miserable existence. He should long ago have lifted them from poverty, for had they not sacrificed everything to send him to England and Oxford University Driven by creditors or pressing desires, earlier Baildons had long ago cheaply disposed of valuable properties. Brother and sister never ceased to remind each other of the depressing fact that their ancestors had wasted their inheritance. This, in fact, was their only other point of agreement. A few years earlier Agatha had announced that she intended doing something about repairing the family fortunes. The many empty rooms could be rented to selected guests. She would establish, not a boarding house, but a home for ladies and gentlemen, and make a tidy profit. She threw herself into the venture with a noisy fury. Old furniture was polished; rugs and carpets were beaten, floors painted, long-stored mattresses, pillows and bed linen aired and sweetened in the sun. Agatha, with a fine air of defiance, took the copy for a modest advertisement to the press. Two guests were lured by the promise of beautiful gourmet meals, a home atmosphere in an historic mansion, the company of well-brought-up ladies and gentlemen. The two, one a bank clerk and the other a maiden lady employed in a bookshop, arrived simultaneously, whereupon Agatha condescended to show them to their room, and promptly forgot about them. There was no hot water. Dinner time found Baildon and Agatha sharing half a cold chicken and a few boiled potatoes in the dining room’s gloomy vastness. When the guests came timidly to inquire about the dining-hours, and to point out that there were no sheets on the beds, no water in the pots, no towels on their racks, Agatha reminded them that the Baidons were not inn-keepers, and then treated them to an account of the family’s past glories. Why did Chirs’ father and aunt blame him

A.Because he did not restore their prosperity.
B.Because he did not succeed at Oxford University.
C.Because he neglected the family property.
D.Because he showed no interest in the family history.

49.Increasing numbers of parents in the U.S. are choosing to teach their kids at home. In fact, the U. S. Department of Education estimated that, in 1999, around 850,000 children were being homeschooled. Some educational experts say the real figure is about double this estimate, and the ranks of homeschooled children appear to grow at a rate about 11 percent annually. At one time, there was a stigma associated with homeschooling. It was traditionally used for students who could not attend school because of behavioral or learning difficulties. Today, however, more parents are taking on the responsibility of educating their children at home due to dissatisfaction with the educational system. Many parents are unhappy about class size, as well as problems inside the classroom. Teacher shortages and lack of funding mean that, in many schools, one teacher is responsible for thirty or forty pupils. The result is often that children are deprived of the attention they need. Escalating classroom violence has also motivated some parents to remove their children from school. Critics of homeschooling say that children who are not in the classroom miss out on learning important social skills because they have little interaction with their peers. Several studies, though, have shown that the home-educated appear to do just as well in terms of social and emotional development as other students, having spent more time in the comfort and security of their home, with guidance from parents who care about their welfare. In spite of this, many critics of homeschooling have raised concerns about the ability of parents to teach their kids effectively. Many parents whose homeschool have no teacher training and are not competent educators of all the subjects taught in schools. In terms of academic achievement, however, homeschooled children do just as well as those who have been in the classroom and many walk the campuses of Harvard and Stanford alongside the conventionally-educated. With an increasing number of disgruntled parents taking their children out of class, schools are receiving less money in per pupil funding. Some see this as a threat to the system, and argue that schools will never be able to improve their situation and restore parents’ confidence in the educational system. Many schools have opened their doors to homeschoolers on a part-time basis, allowing these children to attend classes once or twice a week, or take part in extra-curricular activities such as playing football or taking ballet lessons. While parents will not completely put their confidence back into the system, many of them have reached a compromise that allows their children the extra benefits of peer interaction and access to a wider choice of activities. Whatever the arguments for or against it, homeschooling in the U.S. has become a multimillion dollar industry, and it is growing. There are now websites, support groups, and conventions that help parents assert their rights and enable them to learn more about educating their children. Though once the last resort for troubled children, homeschooling today is an accepted alternative to an educational system that some believe is failing. Which of the following is NOT the viewpoint of the critics on homeschooling

A.Those children who don’t go to school are lacking important social skills.
B.The ability of parents to teach their kids is doubtful.
C.The home-educated children are able to enter those famous universities.
D.The home-educated children have little interaction with their peers.

50.A leading climate change scientist says the warming of the planet would have a devastating impact on the poor and the hungry. The chairman of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel (31) Climate Change, Rajendra Pachauri, says the (32) of climate change will be mainly felt in the areas of health and agriculture. He says it is the poor (33) would suffer the most from the change. He says heat waves in different parts of the world are making people ill and (34) many deaths. He says the situation is (35) bad in poor countries that do not have the infrastructure or necessary means to (36) people from extreme heat. (37) the agricultural effects of climate change, Pachauri says a great many people are (38) on rain-fed agriculture. Climate change would lead to an increase in precipitation ( 降水 ) in temperate areas, ( 39 ) a decrease in tropical and sub-tropical areas, where most of the people on Earth live. Those who depend on agriculture for their (40) , he says, would be (41) affected by the decrease. "At the global level, with the decline in agricultural (42) , in the largest countries of the world or the most (43) countries of the world, we will find that food stocks will (44) ," Pachauri said. "And, as a matter of fact, that has already started happening. The result of that will be a(n) (45) in food prices. Now, (46) in turn, hits the poorest of the poor very badly. "As countermeasures, the farmers will have to (47) measures such as the more (48) use of water resources and new strains of crops that can (49) higher temperatures and lower (50) of water will have to be developed.

A.that
B.which
C.who
D.whom

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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